Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2018 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Grape Seed Proanthocyanidin Ameliorates Cardiac Toxicity Induced by Boldenone Undecylenate through Inhibition of NADPH Oxidase and Reduction in the Expression of NOX2 and NOX4

Table 4

Changes in serum electrolyte ion level in different groups under study.

ControlGSPEBoldenoneBoldenone + GSPE

Na+ (mEq/L)135.8 ± 9.5#136.5 ± 11.1#126.1 ± 11.3133.5 ± 8.9#
K+ (mEq/L)3.755 ± 0.34#3.648 ± 0.66#4.480 ± 0.694.228 ± 0.95#
Ca++ (mmol/L)1.222 ± 0.1061.235 ± 0.081.219 ± 0.0321.228 ± 0.097
Cl (mmol/L)100.7 ± 8.30#101.5 ± 8.61#118.5 ± 5.35116.5 ± 7.55

Value represents mean ± SD of 10 rats. Significant difference from the control group at . #Significant difference from the Boldenone group at .