Figure 7: Effect of various doses of PMG on the expression of TNF-α in adipose tissue. (a) Representative western blot showing the levels of TNF-α. (b) Relative density of TNF-α. Data are presented as (/group). aaa value < 0.001, compared to naïve control which received ND and vehicle and value < 0.05, 0.01, and 0.001, respectively, compared to metabolic syndrome rats which received HCHF and vehicle. ND: normal diet; HCHF: high-carbohydrate high-fat diet; VitaminC: vitamin C at a dose of 250 mg·kg-1 BW; Simvastatin: simvastatin at a dose of 1.3 mg·kg-1 BW; PMG50, PMG100, and PMG200: the phytosome containing the combined extracts of mulberry and ginger at a dose of 50, 100, and 200 mg·kg-1 BW, respectively.