Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2019 / Article / Fig 7

Research Article

Euphorbia bicolor (Euphorbiaceae) Latex Extract Reduces Inflammatory Cytokines and Oxidative Stress in a Rat Model of Orofacial Pain

Figure 7

E. bicolor latex extract modulated cytokines/chemokines in the trigeminal ganglia of female rats. Representative cytokine/chemokine membranes and the respective mean pixel density of detected cytokine or chemokine in the array from extract- (closed bars) and vehicle-treated (open bars) female rats 1 hour (a), 6 hours (b), and 72 hours posttreatment (c). Columns A–D illustrate cytokine or chemokine expression levels by row (see Table 1). compared to vehicle by two-way ANOVA with Bonferroni post hoc analysis.

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