Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity / 2020 / Article / Fig 2

Research Article

Oxidative Stress and Dementia in Alzheimer’s Patients: Effects of Synbiotic Supplementation

Figure 2

Series of panels showing the results of the evaluation of cognitive tests before and after treatment using kefir (a fermented milk with synbiotics). (a) Global cognitive status (by Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)) comparing the effect of the treatment with the previous observed values. (b) Memory analysis (by immediate and late tests, left panel), visual-spatial and abstraction abilities (by Similarity Test and Cookie Theft Picture Test, center panel), and executive and language functions (by Boston Naming Test and verbal fluency test, right panel). (c) Cognitive battery assay, evaluated through constructive abilities and attentive function, with typical hand drawings of the patients during the applied test. The results are expressed as (). compared to T0.

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