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Occupational Therapy International
Volume 2017, Article ID 1423647, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1423647
Research Article

Spanish Transcultural Adaptation and Validity of the Behavioral Inattention Test

1Hospital Universitario Fundación Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain
2Department of Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, Spain

Correspondence should be addressed to Jorge Alegre-Ayala; se.cjru@ergela.egroj

Received 4 July 2016; Revised 16 October 2016; Accepted 21 November 2016; Published 11 January 2017

Academic Editor: Lynette A. MacKenzie

Copyright © 2017 Ángel Sánchez-Cabeza et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To adapt, validate, and translate the Behavioral Inattention Test as an assessment tool for Spanish individuals with unilateral spatial neglect. Design. A cross-sectional descriptive study. Setting. University laboratories. Participants. A sample of 75 Spanish stroke patients and 18 healthy control subjects. Interventions. Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures. The Behavioral Inattention Test. Results. The Spanish version of the Behavioral Inattention Test shows a high degree of reliability both in the complete test (α = .90) and in the conventional (α = .93) and behavioral subtests (α = .75). The concurrent validity between the total conventional and behavioral scores was high (; ). Significant differences were found between patients with and without unilateral spatial neglect (). In the comparison between right and left damaged sides, differences were found in all items, except for article reading () and card sorting (). Conclusions. This measure is a useful tool for evaluating unilateral spatial neglect as it provides information on everyday problems. The BIT discriminates between stroke patients with and without unilateral spatial neglect. This measure constitutes a reliable tool for the diagnosis, planning, performance, and design of specific treatment programs intended to improve the functionality and quality of life of people with unilateral spatial neglect.