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Occupational Therapy International
Volume 2017, Article ID 1686143, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1686143
Research Article

Relationships between Caregiving Stress, Depression, and Self-Esteem in Family Caregivers of Adults with a Disability

Department of Occupational Therapy, Health Science College, Cheongju University, Cheongju, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to DeokJu Kim; ten.liamnah@7047jd

Received 15 March 2017; Revised 17 July 2017; Accepted 1 August 2017; Published 17 October 2017

Academic Editor: Kathleen M. Matuska

Copyright © 2017 DeokJu Kim. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study aimed to examine the relationships between caregiving stress, depression, and self-esteem of family caregivers of an adult person with a disability and to identify their effects on their caregiving burden. The study was performed with 108 care providers of adult people with a disability who visited hospital rehabilitation centers. Caregiving stress showed a significant positive correlation with depression and with economic and psychological stress, and it showed a significant negative correlation with self-esteem. When the care provider was aged, female, and without a job and the caregiving cost and time were higher, the caregiving stress was high. When the care provider was female and had a lower income, the depression index was high. When the person with a disability was male and in the forties and the level of disability was higher, the caregiving stress was high. When the disability was related to spinal cord damage, the care provider’s depression index was the highest. To reduce caregiving stress and depression in the family caregivers and to improve their self-esteem, continuous support and help from specialists are necessary. Additionally, a variety of intervention programs need to be designed to motivate them to participate regularly at the community level.