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Occupational Therapy International
Volume 2017, Article ID 2750328, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2750328
Research Article

Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment to Evaluate People with Addictions

1Institute of Addictions, Madrid Salud, Madrid City Council, Madrid, Spain
2King Juan Carlos University, Madrid, Spain
3Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Correspondence should be addressed to Gloria Rojo-Mota; se.oohay@jorairolg

Received 27 July 2016; Accepted 2 November 2016; Published 10 January 2017

Academic Editor: Patricia Belchior

Copyright © 2017 Gloria Rojo-Mota et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. The LOTCA (Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment) battery is a cognitive screening test which is widely used in occupational health. However, no work has been found that explores its use in addiction treatment. Objectives of Study. To explore the convergent validity of LOTCA with neuropsychological tests that assess related cerebral functional areas. Methods. The LOTCA, along with a battery of neuropsychological tests, was administered to a sample of 48 subjects who start a treatment by substance or gambling addictions. Findings. A correlational pattern was observed of a considerable magnitude between the effects of the LOTCA scales and those of some neuropsychological tests, but not with others. There is barely any convergence in measures with memory and executive function tests. Relevance to Clinical Practice. There is a lack of research applying test of occupational assessment to populations of patients treated by addictive behaviors. The LOTCA seems to be a reliable and valid test for preliminary screening of function in certain cognitive areas, easy, and quick to use (around 30 minutes). However, it must be supplemented with other tests for a full and ecological assessment of patients. Limitations. An incident, small-size sample. Recommendations for Further Research. New studies are needed to explore the applicability, diagnostic validity, and whole psychometric quality of the test in addiction-related treatment.