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Occupational Therapy International
Volume 2017, Article ID 4530104, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4530104
Research Article

Fatigue and Activity Management Education for Individuals with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

1Occupational Therapy Department, St. James’ Hospital, James’ Street, Dublin 8, Ireland
2Rheumatology Department, St. James’ Hospital, James’ Street, Dublin 8, Ireland
3Trinity Centre for Health Sciences, Discipline of Occupational Therapy, St. James’ Hospital, James’ Street, Dublin 8, Ireland

Correspondence should be addressed to Deirdre Connolly; ei.dct@mdlonnoc

Received 27 July 2016; Revised 9 November 2016; Accepted 12 December 2016; Published 11 January 2017

Academic Editor: Lynette A. MacKenzie

Copyright © 2017 Ruth O’Riordan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Fatigue and Activity Management Education (FAME) is a six-week occupational therapy-led programme focusing on fatigue and stress management, exercise, nutrition, and joint protection. Each session consists of education and goal setting. Objectives of Study. To assess the impact of FAME on occupational participation and fatigue management. Methods. Three programmes were facilitated with twenty-one women with SLE. A mixed methods design was used. Quantitative data were collected using self-reported questionnaires administered before, immediately after, and eight weeks after intervention. Data were analysed using descriptive and nonparametric inferential statistics. Qualitative data were collected through focus groups and interviews. Thematic analysis was carried out on the qualitative data. Findings. There was a statistically significant improvement in depression as measured by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and categories of “burden to others” and “fatigue” in the LupusQoL. There were nonsignificant improvements in fatigue, occupational participation, self-efficacy, and anxiety. Participants reported an improved understanding of fatigue and the impact of stress on fatigue. They also identified self-management strategies they were using on a daily basis.