Occupational Therapy International / 2018 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

A Feasibility RCT Evaluating a Play-Informed, Caregiver-Implemented, Home-Based Intervention to Improve the Play of Children Who Are HIV Positive

Table 1

Demographic information for PICIHBI and comparison conventional groups.

PICIHBI group ()Comparison group

Caregiver particulars
Age of caregiver (years), mean39.733.3
Sex M/F0/120/12
Home language
 Xhosa66.7%83.3%
 Afrikaans17%0%
 Shona8%0%
 French8%0%
 English0%8%
 Zulu0%8%
Primary caregiver
 Mother58.3%83.3%
 Grandparent25%8%
 Aunt17%0%
 Other0%8%
Caregiver education level
 Grade 58.3%8.3%
 Grade 616.7%0%
 Grade 98.3%8.3%
 Grade 108.3%41.7%
 Grade 1116.7%8.3%
 Year 12 (matriculation)25.0%33.3%
 1 year post school8.3%0%
 2 years post school8.3%0%
Number of adults in household, mean (SD)2.83 (1.59)3.58 (1.75)
Number of children in household, mean (SD)3.25 (1.71)2.17 (1.03)
Unemployment (%)83.3%75%

Child particulars
Age, mean4.04.7
Sex M/F4/87/5
Gestation > 37 weeks (%)66.7%58.3%
Birth weight in kg, mean (SD)1.83 (1.03)2.45 (1.04)
Years on HAART, mean (SD)5.33 (2.39)4.50 (3.03)
First line of treatment (%)100%100%
Tuberculosis history (%)83.3%50%

Additional diagnoses
None37%50%
Spastic diplegia9%0%
Failure to thrive9%8%
Developmental delay9%25%
Other27%17%
Missing data9%

Caregiver perceptions of child’s learning development and play
Developing far better than peers0%8%
Developing slightly better than peers0%8%
Development on par with their peers67%59%
Developing slightly slower than peers25%17%
Very concerned with child’s development8%8%