Occupational Therapy International / 2018 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

A Feasibility RCT Evaluating a Play-Informed, Caregiver-Implemented, Home-Based Intervention to Improve the Play of Children Who Are HIV Positive

Table 3

Changes in PICIHBI group ToP item scores over time.

ToP item#Descriptive statisticsFriedman’sPost hoc pairwise comparison
BaselineMidPostBaseline-mid-postBaseline to midBaseline to postMid to post
MedIQRMedIQRMedIQRχ 2

Engaged (E)2.51.01.01.82.01.09.060.019.000.011.290.262.280.13
Decides (E)3.01.01.52.03.01.012.07<0.017.000.010.200.668.00
Safety (E)3.00.03.00.03.00.02.000.371.000.321.000.32
Mischief (E)0.00.00.00.00.00.02.000.371.000.321.000.32
Process (E)2.01.01.02.52.52.03.800.150.001.001.600.253.600.06
Pretends (E)0.01.00.00.80.01.51.830.401.290.260.200.661.000.32
Unconventional (E)0.00.00.00.80.00.00.340.850.200.660.001.000.340.57
Social play (E)2.02.01.00.01.01.06.420.042.780.107.000.010.001.00
Clowns (E)0.00.00.00.00.00.01.000.611.000.321.000.320.001.00
Cues (E)1.02.00.51.01.00.81.600.450.670.420.001.001.600.21
Engaged (I)2.01.01.01.81.01.00.390.830.200.660.001.000.400.53
Social play (I)1.01.01.01.01.02.00.610.740.001.000.670.420.150.71
Affect (I)1.01.00.00.80.01.04.210.122.000.165.000.030.150.76
Object (I)2.01.01.01.02.01.02.240.332.670.100.001.001.000.32
Engaged (S)1.01.01.02.01.00.00.440.810.150.710.500.480.150.71
Modifies (S)0.00.00.01.00.01.02.000.372.000.161.000.320.340.57
Social play (S)1.01.01.01.01.01.01.620.450.200.660.670.421.290.26
Supports (S)0.01.50.01.00.01.00.130.940.001.000.001.000.200.66
Initiate (S)0.00.30.51.01.01.02.240.331.800.181.800.180.150.76
Shares (S)1.00.01.00.01.01.00.370.840.200.660.200.660.200.66
Cues (S)0.51.80.51.01.00.01.430.490.150.710.150.711.600.21
Responds (S)0.02.01.00.01.00.02.230.330.500.482.670.100.200.66
Objects (S)1.01.01.01.01.00.83.500.182.670.100.150.712.680.10
Transitions (S)1.02.01.02.01.01.09.060.019.00<0.010.500.482.780.10

Notes: #Some ToP items were scored “not applicable” for some children; as a result, the following ToP items did not have enough data for analysis: Enters (S), Persists (I), Engages in playful mischief or teasing (S), Pretends (S), Creative (I), Negotiates (S), and Clowns or jokes (S); IQR = interquartile range; Friedman’s two-way ANOVA; post hoc pairwise comparison tests. p: adjusted value after post hoc Dunn-Bonferroni test; —: test did not run as the mean rank values were identical; .