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Parkinson’s Disease
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 824734, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2010/824734
Research Article

Effects of Moderate-Volume, High-Load Lower-Body Resistance Training on Strength and Function in Persons with Parkinson's Disease: A Pilot Study

1Exercise Neuromechanics Laboratory, The University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152, USA
2Department of Neurology, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
3Movement Science Program, Washington University in St. Louis, MO 63108, USA

Received 2 September 2009; Revised 27 October 2009; Accepted 18 January 2010

Academic Editor: Peter Hagell

Copyright © 2010 Brian K. Schilling et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Resistance training research has demonstrated positive effects for persons with Parkinson's disease (PD), but the number of acute training variables that can be manipulated makes it difficult to determine the optimal resistance training program. Objective. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of an 8-week resistance training intervention on strength and function in persons with PD. Methods. Eighteen men and women were randomized to training or standard care for the 8-week intervention. The training group performed 3 sets of 5–8 repetitions of the leg press, leg curl, and calf press twice weekly. Tests included leg press strength relative to body mass, timed up-and-go, six-minute walk, and Activities-specific Balance Confidence questionnaire. Results. There was a significant group-by-time effect for maximum leg press strength relative to body mass, with the training group significantly increasing their maximum relative strength ( ). No other significant interactions were noted ( ). Conclusions. Moderate volume, high-load weight training is effective for increasing lower-body strength in persons with PD.