Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Parkinson’s Disease
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 824734, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2010/824734
Research Article

Effects of Moderate-Volume, High-Load Lower-Body Resistance Training on Strength and Function in Persons with Parkinson's Disease: A Pilot Study

1Exercise Neuromechanics Laboratory, The University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152, USA
2Department of Neurology, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
3Movement Science Program, Washington University in St. Louis, MO 63108, USA

Received 2 September 2009; Revised 27 October 2009; Accepted 18 January 2010

Academic Editor: Peter Hagell

Copyright © 2010 Brian K. Schilling et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. J. Falvo, B. K. Schilling, and G. M. Earhart, “Parkinson's disease and resistive exercise: rationale, review, and recommendations,” Movement Disorders, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. D. M. Corcos, C.-M. Chen, N. P. Quinn, J. McAuley, and J. C. Rothwell, “Strength in Parkinson's disease: relationship to rate of force generation and clinical status,” Annals of Neurology, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 79–88, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. N. Jordan, H. J. Sagar, and J. A. Cooper, “Cognitive components of reaction time in Parkinson's disease,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, vol. 55, no. 8, pp. 658–664, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  4. M. Paasuke, K. Mottus, J. Ereline, H. Gapeyeva, and P. Taba, “Lower limb performance in older female patients with Parkinson's disease,” Aging: Clinical and Experimental Research, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 185–191, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Paasuke, J. Ereline, H. Gapeyeva, K. Joost, K. Mottus, and P. Taba, “Leg-extension strength and chair-rise performance in elderly women with Parkinson's disease,” Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 511–524, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. M. Inkster, J. J. Eng, D. L. MacIntyre, and A. J. Stoessl, “Leg muscle strength is reduced in Parkinson's disease and relates to the ability to rise from a chair,” Movement Disorders, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 157–162, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. W. Koller and S. Kase, “Muscle strength testing in Parkinson's disease,” European Neurology, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 130–133, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. W. Pedersen and B. Oberg, “Stretch-shortening contraction in Parkinson patients: evidence of normal muscle contraction execution with low efficiency,” Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 251–255, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. W. Pedersen, B. Oberg, L.-E. Larsson, and B. Lindval, “Gait analysis, isokinetic muscle strength measurement in patients with Parkinson's disease,” Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 67–74, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. D. S. Glendinning, “A rationale for strength training in patients with Parkinson's disease,” Neurology Report, vol. 21, pp. 132–135, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  11. S. W. Pedersen and B. Oberg, “Dynamic strength in Parkinson's disease: quantitative measurements following withdrawal of medication,” European Neurology, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 97–102, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. D. E. Vaillancourt, J. Prodoehl, M. M. Sturman, R. A. E. Bakay, L. V. Metman, and D. M. Corcos, “Effects of deep brain stimulation and medication on strength, bradykinesia, and electromyographic patterns of the ankle joint in Parkinson's disease,” Movement Disorders, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 50–58, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. L. Petroni, G. Albani, V. Bicchiega et al., “Body composition in advanced-stage Parkinson's disease,” Acta Diabetologica, vol. 40, supplement 1, pp. S187–S190, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B. K. Schilling, R. E. Karlage, M. S. LeDoux, R. F. Pfeiffer, L. W. Weiss, and M. J. Falvo, “Impaired leg extensor strength in individuals with Parkinson disease and relatedness to functional mobility,” Parkinsonism and Related Disorders, vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 776–780, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Kakinuma, H. Nogaki, B. Pramanik, and M. Morimatsu, “Muscle weakness in Parkinson's disease: isokinetic study of the lower limbs,” European Neurology, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 218–222, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Berardelli, J. C. Rothwell, P. D. Thompson, and M. Hallett, “Pathophysiology of bradykinesia in Parkinson's disease,” Brain, vol. 124, no. 11, pp. 2131–2146, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. Nallegowda, U. Singh, G. Handa et al., “Role of sensory input and muscle strength in maintenance of balance, gait, and posture in Parkinson's disease: a pilot study,” American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 83, no. 12, pp. 898–908, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. V. A. Goodwin, S. H. Richards, R. S. Taylor, A. H. Taylor, and J. L. Campbell, “The effectiveness of exercise interventions for people with Parkinson's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” Movement Disorders, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 631–640, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. M. Crizzle and I. J. Newhouse, “Is physical exercise beneficial for persons with Parkinson's disease?” Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 422–425, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. L. E. Dibble, T. F. Hale, R. L. Marcus, J. P. Gerber, and P. C. LaStayo, “High intensity eccentric resistance training decreases bradykinesia and improves quality of life in persons with Parkinson's disease: a preliminary study,” Parkinsonism and Related Disorders, vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 752–757, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. C. J. Hass, M. A. Collins, and J. L. Juncos, “Resistance training with creatine monohydrate improves upper-body strength in patients with Parkinson disease: a randomized trial,” Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 107–115, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. A. Hirsch, T. Toole, C. G. Maitland, and R. A. Rider, “The effects of balance training and high-intensity resistance training on persons with idiopathic Parkinson's disease,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 84, no. 8, pp. 1109–1117, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. T. A. Scandalis, A. Bosak, J. C. Berliner, L. L. Helman, and M. R. Wells, “Resistance training and gait function in patients with Parkinson's disease,” American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 38–43, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. L. E. Dibble, T. F. Hale, R. L. Marcus, J. Droge, J. P. Gerber, and P. C. LaStayo, “High-intensity resistance training amplifies muscle hypertrophy and functional gains in persons with Parkinson's disease,” Movement Disorders, vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1444–1452, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J. A. Robichaud, K. D. Pfann, C. L. Comella, M. Brandabur, and D. M. Corcos, “Greater impairment of extension movements as compared to flexion movements in Parkinson's disease,” Experimental Brain Research, vol. 156, no. 2, pp. 240–254, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. D. A. Galvão and D. R. Taaffe, “Resistance exercise dosage in older adults: single- versus multiset effects on physical performance and body composition,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 53, no. 12, pp. 2090–2097, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. W. K. Kemmler, D. Lauber, K. Engelke, and J. Weineck, “Effects of single- vs. multiple-set resistance training on maximum strength and body composition in trained postmenopausal women,” Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 689–694, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. L. B. Verdijk, L. van Loon, K. Meijer, and H. H. Savelberg, “One-repetition maximum strength test represents a valid means to assess leg strength in vivo in humans,” Journal of Sports Sciences, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 59–68, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. L. E. Powell and A. M. Myers, “The activities-specific balance confidence (ABC) scale,” Journal of Gerontology, Series A, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. M28–M34, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  30. Y. Lajoie, A. Girard, and M. Guay, “Comparison of the reaction time, the Berg Scale and the ABC in non-fallers and fallers,” Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 215–225, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. Y. Lajoie and S. P. Gallagher, “Predicting falls within the elderly community: comparison of postural sway, reaction time, the Berg balance scale and the activities-specific balance confidence (ABC) scale for comparing fallers and non-fallers,” Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 11–26, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. J. V. Jacobs, F. B. Horak, K. Van Tran, and J. G. Nutt, “An alternative clinical postural stability test for patients with Parkinson's disease,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 253, no. 11, pp. 1404–1413, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. Y. Nilsagard, C. Lundholm, L. G. Gunnarsson, and E. Dcnison, “Clinical relevance using timed walk tests and ‘timed up and go’ testing in persons with multiple sclerosis,” Physiotherapy Research International, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 105–114, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. P. L. Enright, “The six-minute walk test,” Respiratory Care, vol. 48, no. 8, pp. 783–785, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. T. Toole, M. A. Hirsch, A. Forkink, D. A. Lehman, and C. G. Maitland, “The effects of a balance and strength training program on equilibrium in Parkinsonism: a preliminary study,” NeuroRehabilitation, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 165–174, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. P. Capodaglio, M. Capodaglio Edda, M. Facioli, and F. Saibene, “Long-term strength training for community-dwelling people over 75: impact on muscle function, functional ability and life style,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 535–542, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. O. S. Mian, J. M. Thom, L. P. Ardigò, C. I. Morse, M. V. Narici, and A. E. Minetti, “Effect of a 12-month physical conditioning programme on the metabolic cost of walking in healthy older adults,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 499–505, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. T. Hortobagyi, C. Mizelle, S. Beam, and P. DeVita, “Old adults perform activities of daily living near their maximal capabilities,” Journal of Gerontology, Series A, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 453–460, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. M. C. Morrissey, E. A. Harman, and M. J. Johnson, “Resistance training modes: specificity and effectiveness,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 648–660, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. R. W. Bohannon, “Reference values for the timed up and go test: a descriptive meta-analysis,” Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 64–68, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. M. K. Y. Mak and M. Y. C. Pang, “Balance confidence and functional mobility are independently associated with falls in people with Parkinson's disease,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 256, no. 5, pp. 742–749, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. G. Wu, B. Sanderson, and V. Bittner, “The 6-minute walk test: how important is the learning effect?” American Heart Journal, vol. 146, no. 1, pp. 129–133, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. L. E. Dibble, T. Hale, R. L. Marcus, J. P. Gerber, and P. C. LaStayo, “The safety and feasibility of high-force eccentric resistance exercise in persons with Parkinson's disease,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 87, no. 9, pp. 1280–1282, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. M. J. Falvo and G. M. Earhart, “Six-minute walk distance in persons with Parkinson disease: a hierarchical regression model,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 90, no. 6, pp. 1004–1008, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. M. K. Y. Mak and M. Y. C. Pang, “Balance self-efficacy determines walking capacity in people with Parkinson's disease,” Movement Disorders, vol. 23, no. 13, pp. 1936–1939, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. C. Jenkinson, R. Fitzpatrick, V. Peto, R. Greenhall, and N. Hyman, “The Parkinson's disease questionnaire (PDQ-39): development and validation of a Parkinson's disease summary index score,” Age and Ageing, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 353–357, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. K. Herlofson and J. P. Larsen, “Measuring fatigue in patients with Parkinson's disease—the Fatigue Severity Scale,” European Journal of Neurology, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 595–600, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus