Parkinson’s Disease / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Housing and Health: Very Old People with Self-Reported Parkinson’s Disease versus Controls

Table 3

Comparison of aspects of health between very old people reporting having Parkinson’s disease (PD) (n = 20) and controls not reporting having PD (n = 60).

PD, n = 20Controls, n = 60
n %n %P valuea

ADL Staircase itemb
 (1) Feeding7/20352/6030.001
 (2) Transfer10/205013/60220.047
 (3) Toileting7/20353/6050.003
 (4) Dressing10/205015/60250.074
 (5) Bathing14/207023/60380.017
 (6) Cooking12/206015/60250.017
 (7) Transportation14/187821/53400.017
 (8) Shopping16/198429/57510.035
 (9) Cleaning17/199041/57720.206
 Personal ADL (items 1–5)b,c6/20300/600<0.001
 Instrumental ADL (items 6–9)b,c9/18509/53170.011
Dependence on walking aids (HE) 10/205012/60200.018

Median (q1–q3)Median (q1–q3)

Self-rated functional independenced5 (5–7)8 (7–10)<0.001
Number of functional limitations (HE)e5 (4–7)2 (1–4)<0.001
Depression (GDS)f6.5 (3.1–9.8)4 (2.1–6.9)0.048

aDichotomous variables were compared using the Mantel-Haenszel test, with continuity correction. Sum-scores/ordinal variables were compared using a version of Wilcoxon signed rank test extended to include multiple controls.
bAssessed as dependent or partly dependent, or reporting having difficulties.
cThe results refer to being dependent or reporting having difficulties in all personal or instrumental ADLs, respectively.
dHigher scores are “better,” that is, more independent.
eIn both samples, the three most common functional limitations were reduced spine and/or lower extremity function, loss of stamina, and prevalence of poor balance.
fHigher scores are “worse,” that is, more depression.
ADL: Activities of Daily Living; HE: Housing Enabler; GDS: Geriatric Depression Scale.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.