Parkinson’s Disease / 2014 / Article / Fig 1

Research Article

Utilizing Fast Spin Echo MRI to Reduce Image Artifacts and Improve Implant/Tissue Interface Detection in Refractory Parkinson’s Patients with Deep Brain Stimulators

Figure 1

Typical coronal MR images, (a) a section from 3D MPRAGE; measured contact diameter (measurement plan is shown in panel (c) by straight arrows) = 4 mm, more than that from (b) a section from 2D SE T1 (2.2 mm) or (c) 2D FSE PD (2.3 mm) and (d) 2D FSE T2 (2.3 mm) sequences. The location of the lead at left subthalamic nucleus is indirectly estimated as 11-12 mm lateral to midline across the superior-anterior border of the red nucleus (curved arrow, panel (d)).