Parkinson’s Disease / 2015 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Rapid Screening for Cognitive Impairment in Parkinson’s Disease: A Pilot Study

Table 1

Population characteristics.

CDR = 0CDR ≥ 0.5

Age (mean, SD)65.0210.0969.9710.270.02
Years of education (mean, SD)9.953.757.725.720.02
Female (number, %)16.0039%26.0043%0.82
Ethnicity0.07
 Chinese (number, %)35.0085%44.0073%
 Malay (number, %)2.005%7.0012%
 Indian (number, %)2.005%9.0015%
 Others (number, %)2.005%0.000%
MMSE (mean, SD)26.222.1321.935.16<0.01
MoCA (mean, SD)24.172.5916.355.53<0.01
NINDS-CSN 5-minute protocol (mean, SD)9.831.486.502.64<0.01
Duration of PD (mean, SD)4.504.996.775.260.01
UPDRS (mean, SD)20.8010.9927.9715.370.01
Hoehn and Yahr scale <0.01
 1.0 (number, %) 20.0049%20.0033%
 1.5 (number, %) 2.005%1.002%
 2.0 (number, %) 18.0044%15.0025%
 2.5 (number, %) 1.002%8.0013%
 3.0 (number, %) 0.000%12.0020%
 3.5 (number, %) 0.000%3.005%
 4.0 (number, %) 0.000%1.002%
SEADL (mean, SD)8.560.747.052.10<0.01

Note: CDR = Clinical Dementia Rating; SD = Standard Deviation; MMSE = Mini Mental State Examination; MoCA = Montreal Cognitive Assessment; NINDS-CSN = National Institute of Neurological Disease and Stroke-Canadian Stroke Network; PD = Parkinson’s disease; UPDRS = Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale; SEADL = Schwab and England Activities of Daily Living Scale.

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