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Parkinson’s Disease
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 369454, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/369454
Research Article

Early Postural Changes in Individuals with Idiopathic Parkinson’s Disease

1Department of Physical Therapy for Neuromuscular Disorders and Its Surgery, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, 7 Ahmed El-Zayat Street, P.O. Box 12611, Dokki, Giza, Egypt
2Department of Physical Therapy, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Hail, P.O. Box 2440, Baqaa, Hail, Saudi Arabia

Received 2 January 2015; Accepted 15 March 2015

Academic Editor: Jan O. Aasly

Copyright © 2015 Mohamed Elsayed Khallaf and Eman Elsayed Fayed. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background and Objectives. Postural changes are frequent and disabling complications of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Many contributing factors have been evident either related to disease pathology or to adaptive changes. This study aimed at studying the postural changes in subjects with Parkinson’s disease and its relation to duration of illness and disease severity. Methods. Eighteen patients with PD and 18 healthy matched volunteers represented the sample of the study. The patients were at stage 1 or 1.5 according to the Modified Hoehn and Yahr Staging with duration of illness between 18 and 36 months. Three-dimensional analysis of the back surface was conducted to explore the postural changes in the sagittal and frontal planes in both the patients and the healthy subjects. Results. Kyphotic angle, lordotic angle, fleche cervicale, fleche lombaire, scoliotic angle, and associated vertebral rotation and pelvic obliquity were significantly increased in patients with PD compared to the healthy subjects (). There was no association between the measured postural changes and duration of illness as well as the severity of the IPD (). Conclusion. Postural changes start in the early stages of idiopathic PD and they have no relationship to the duration of illness and disease severity.