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Parkinson’s Disease
Volume 2015, Article ID 379482, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/379482
Review Article

Disorders of the Oral Cavity in Parkinson’s Disease and Parkinsonian Syndromes

1Department of Neurology, Movement Disorders Unit, Tel Aviv Medical Center, 6423906 Tel-Aviv, Israel
2Neurology Department, Soroka University Medical Center, 84101 Beer Sheva, Israel
3Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel

Received 23 September 2014; Accepted 30 December 2014

Academic Editor: Francisco Grandas

Copyright © 2015 Yair Zlotnik et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Awareness of nonmotor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease is growing during the last decade. Among these, oral cavity disorders are, although prevalent, often neglected by the patients, their caregivers, and physicians. Some of these disorders include increased prevalence of caries and periodontal disease, sialorrhea and drooling, xerostomia, orofacial pain, bruxism, and taste impairment. Though many of these disorders are not fully understood yet and relatively few controlled trials have been published regarding their treatment, physicians should be aware of the body of evidence that does exist on these topics. This paper reviews current knowledge regarding the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and treatment options of disorders of the oral cavity in Parkinson’s disease patients.