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Parkinson’s Disease
Volume 2016, Article ID 7109052, 13 pages
Research Article

Mindfulness for Motor and Nonmotor Dysfunctions in Parkinson’s Disease

1UQ Centre for Clinical Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4029, Australia
2School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4067, Australia
3Neurology Research Centre, Royal Brisbane & Women’s Hospital, Brisbane, QLD 4029, Australia
4School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Royal Brisbane & Women’s Hospital, Brisbane, QLD 4029, Australia
5Mental Health Service, Royal Brisbane & Women’s Hospital, Brisbane, QLD 4029, Australia

Received 18 November 2015; Revised 5 March 2016; Accepted 28 March 2016

Academic Editor: Ivan Bodis-Wollner

Copyright © 2016 Nadeeka N. W. Dissanayaka et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Motor and nonmotor symptoms negatively influence Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients’ quality of life. Mindfulness interventions have been a recent focus in PD. The present study explores effectiveness of a manualized group mindfulness intervention tailored for PD in improving both motor and neuropsychiatric deficits in PD. Methods. Fourteen PD patients completed an 8-week mindfulness intervention that included 6 sessions. The Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), Geriatric Anxiety Inventory, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, PD Cognitive Rating Scale, Unified PD Rating Scale, PD Quality of Life Questionnaire, and Outcome Questionnaire (OQ-45) were administered before and after the intervention. Participants also completed the FFMQ-15 at each session. Gains at postassessment and at 6-month follow-up were compared to baseline using paired -tests and Wilcoxon nonparametric tests. Results. A significant increase in FFMQ-Observe subscale, a reduction in anxiety, depression, and OQ-45 symptom distress, an increase in PDCRS-Subcortical scores, and an improvement in postural instability, gait, and rigidity motor symptoms were observed at postassessment. Gains for the PDCRS were sustained at follow-up. Conclusion. The mindfulness intervention tailored for PD is associated with reduced anxiety and depression and improved cognitive and motor functioning. A randomised controlled trial using a large sample of PD patients is warranted.