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Parkinson’s Disease
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1597463, 7 pages
Research Article

The Outcomes of Total Hip Replacement in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease: Comparison of the Elective and Hip Fracture Groups

1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Šimkova 870, 500 38 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital Hradec Králové, Sokolská 581, 500 05 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
3Department of Medical Biophysics, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Šimkova 870, 500 38 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
4Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Kreiskrankenhaus Greiz GmbH, Wichmannstraße 12, 07973 Greiz, Germany

Correspondence should be addressed to Pavel Šponer

Received 27 May 2017; Revised 29 July 2017; Accepted 13 August 2017; Published 27 September 2017

Academic Editor: Mayela Rodríguez-Violante

Copyright © 2017 Pavel Šponer et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. The aim of the study was to compare the clinical outcomes following elective and traumatic total hip arthroplasty in Parkinson’s disease patients. Materials and Methods. Ten patients with osteoarthritis comprise the elective group (mean age at operation 74 years; mean follow-up 82 months). Thirteen patients with femoral fracture comprise the hip fracture group (mean age 76 years; mean follow-up 54 months). All patients were followed up at 6 and 36 months postoperatively and at the time of the latest follow-up. Results. Despite the significant improvement in Merle d’Aubigné-Postel and pain scores, disability related to Parkinson’s disease increased during the follow-up. Whereas more than 1/3 of hip fracture patients and all elective patients walked independently at 36 months after total hip arthroplasty, 43% of living patients from both groups were able to walk independently at the time of the latest follow-up. The medical complications were seen mainly in patients with hip fracture. Conclusions. Excellent pain relief with preserved walking ability without support of another person and acceptable complication profile was observed in Parkinson’s disease patients at 36 months after elective total hip arthroplasty. This procedure may be indicated in Parkinson’s disease patients after careful and individualized planning.