Table 2: Unit costs and assumptions for cost analysis.

ParameterUnit cost ($)UnitAssumption/estimationsData source

Hospitalisations
 Public hospital1627.12Per dayAustralian hospital statistics 2011-12 [20]
Independent Hospital Pricing Authority [21]
 Private hospital1334.24Per day  
Private hospital costs are weighted at 82% of public hospital costs to account for doctors charges which are included in Medicare data for private patients
Australian hospital statistics 2011-12 [20]
Independent Hospital Pricing Authority [21]
Hospital transport
 Ambulance (road)688.50Per transportSame average cost for both metropolitan and rural/remote regionWatts et al. (2013) [22]
 Ambulance (air)2682.30Per transportVictoria state government- Health [23]
 Private car0.66Per kilometreAverage of 30 km for full journey and same average cost for all types of motor vehiclesAustralian government taxation office- car expenses [24]
 Taxi5.54Per kilometreAverage of 30 km for full journeyTaxi service commission [25]
Allied health services
 Physiotherapy62.25Per visit85% covered by Medicare
Out-of-pocket cost is $9.30
MBS item 10960 [26]
 Podiatry62.25Per visit85% covered by Medicare
Out-of-pocket cost is $9.30
MBS item 10962 [26]
 Occupational therapy62.25Per visit85% covered by Medicare
Out-of-pocket cost is $9.30
MBS item 10958 [26]
 Speech therapy62.25Per visit85% covered by Medicare
Out-of-pocket cost is $9.30
MBS item 10970 [26]
 Psychology62.25Per visit85% covered by Medicare
Out-of-pocket cost is $9.30
MBS item 10968 [26]
 Dietetics62.25Per visit85% covered by Medicare
Out-of-pocket cost is $9.30
MBS item 10954 [26]
 Chiropractic62.25Per visit85% covered by Medicare
Out-of-pocket cost is $9.30
MBS item 10964 [26]
 Optometry66.80Per visitFor initial consultationMBS item 10905 [26]
 Remedial massage55.92Per visitFor initial consultation
Total out-of-pocket cost
Worksafe Victoria item M600 [27]
 Naturopathy31.80Per visitStandard consultation
Total out-of-pocket cost
Worksafe Victoria item N602 [28]
Other medical services
 Dental53.55Per visitFor a comprehensive oral examination
Total out-of-pocket cost
Australian Government Department of Veterans Affairs-item D011 [29]
Home based care and community services
 Formal care, nurse27.00Per hourDuration of formal nursing visit is equal to one hourWatts et al. (2013) [22]
 Formal care, PCA25.00Per hourDuration of formal nursing visit is equal to one hourWatts et al. (2013) [22]
 Informal care25.00Per hourWatts et al. (2013) [22]
 Meals on wheels16.50Per dayCost of meals per day is $16 for 2 meals and $16.50 for 3 mealsWatts et al. (2013) [22]

= national average cost per weighted separation [20]
= average length of stay [21].