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Pulmonary Medicine
Volume 2011, Article ID 190648, 7 pages
Review Article

Standardization of Methods for Early Diagnosis and On-Site Treatment of High-Altitude Pulmonary Edema

Department of High Altitude Disease, College of High Altitude Military Medicine, Third Military Medical University, and Key Laboratory of High Altitude Medicine, Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400038, China

Received 15 November 2010; Revised 16 March 2011; Accepted 28 March 2011

Academic Editor: Hartmut Grasemann

Copyright © 2011 Qiquan Zhou. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a life-threatening disease of high altitude that often affects nonacclimatized apparently healthy individuals who rapidly ascend to high altitude. Early detection, early diagnosis, and early treatment are essential to maintain the safety of people who ascend to high altitude, such as construction workers and tourists. In this paper, I discuss various methods and criteria that can be used for the early diagnosis and prediction of HAPE. I also discuss the preventive strategies and options for on-site treatment. My objective is to improve the understanding of HAPE and to highlight the need for prevention, early diagnosis, and early treatment of HAPE to improve the safety of individuals ascending to high altitude.