Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Pulmonary Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 290802, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/290802
Review Article

The Radiological Manifestations of the Aberrant Air Surrounding the Pleura: In the Embryological View

1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Main Branch Hospital, Taipei 10449, Taiwan
2Mackay Medicine, Nursing and Management College, Taipei 10449, Taiwan
3Department of Thoracic Surgery, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Main Branch Hospital, Taipei 10449, Taiwan
4Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Main Branch Hospital, Taipei 10449, Taiwan
5Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
6Division of Chest, Internal Medicine, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Main Branch Hospital, Taipei 10449, Taiwan

Received 20 October 2011; Accepted 17 December 2011

Academic Editor: Takashi Nakano

Copyright © 2012 Shih-Yi Lee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The radiological manifestations of the aberrant air surrounding the pleura are varied because of the air outlining the organs in and out of the visceral space. The continuity of the visceral space from the neck, mediastinum to the retroperitoneum is originated from embryological development, which is compatible with the findings through laboratory experiments, cadaveric anatomy, and thoracic computer tomography image. We reviewed the embryo development to understand the anatomy of body cavity, which can determine the radiological findings of pneumomediastinum and pneumothorax.