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Pulmonary Medicine
Volume 2012, Article ID 725024, 7 pages
Research Article

Successful Smoking Cessation in COPD: Association with Comorbidities and Mortality

1Department of Pulmonary Diseases and Clinical Allergology, Turku University Hospital and University of Turku, Kiinamyllynkatu 13, 20520 Turku, Finland
2Clinical Research Unit for Pulmonary Diseases and Division of Pulmonology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Tukholmankatu 8C, 00290 Helsinki, Finland
3Department of Pulmonology, University Medical Center Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands
4Department of Epidemiology, University Medical Center Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands

Received 23 May 2012; Revised 8 October 2012; Accepted 17 October 2012

Academic Editor: Andrew Sandford

Copyright © 2012 H. Kupiainen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Smoking cessation is the cornerstone of COPD management, but difficult to achieve in clinical practice. The effect of comorbidities on smoking cessation and risk factors for mortality were studied in a cohort of 739 COPD patients recruited in two Finnish University Hospitals. The diagnosis of COPD was done for the first time on average 5.5 years prior to the enrollment. Data from the medical records and followup questionnaires (years 0, 1, 2, and 4) have been analyzed. The patients’ lung function varied greatly; mean FEV1 58% of predicted. A total of 60.2% of men and 55.6% of women had been able to quit smoking. Alcohol abuse (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.4–3.3) and psychiatric conditions (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.2–2.7) were strongly related to low success rates of quitting. Among current smokers high nicotine dependency was again explained by alcohol abuse and psychiatric conditions. Non-quitters were younger than quitters, but their mortality rates remained significantly higher even when the model was adjusted for impairment of lung functions and comorbidities. In conclusion, co-existing addiction and psychiatric diseases significantly decreased the success rates in smoking cessation and increased mortality among the patients.