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Pulmonary Medicine
Volume 2012, Article ID 816502, 10 pages
Review Article

Management of Infectious Processes of the Pleural Space: A Review

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, UF College of Medicine at Jacksonville, 655, 8th Street west, Jacksonville, FL 32209, USA

Received 22 August 2011; Revised 12 December 2011; Accepted 17 December 2011

Academic Editor: Takashi Nakano

Copyright © 2012 Ankur Girdhar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Pleural effusions can present in 40% of patients with pneumonia. Presence of an effusion can complicate the diagnosis as well as the management of infection in lungs and pleural space. There has been an increase in the morbidity and mortality associated with parapneumonic effusions and empyema. This calls for employment of advanced treatment modalities and development of a standardized protocol to manage pleural sepsis early. There has been an increased understanding about the indications and appropriate usage of procedural options at clinicians’ disposal.