Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Pulmonary Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 135036, 4 pages
Research Article

Pleural Fluid Cholesterol in Differentiating Exudative and Transudative Pleural Effusion

Department of Internal Medicine, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital (TUTH), Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal

Received 11 October 2012; Revised 11 December 2012; Accepted 18 December 2012

Academic Editor: Marc A. Judson

Copyright © 2013 A. B. Hamal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. W. Light, M. I. Macgregor, P. C. Luchsinger, and W. C. Ball Jr., “Pleural effusions: the diagnostic separation of transudates and exudates,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 507–513, 1972. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. C. Chakko, S. H. Caldwell, and P. P. Sforza, “Treatment of congestive heart failure. Its effect on pleural fluid chemistry,” Chest, vol. 95, no. 4, pp. 798–802, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. L. Valdes, A. Pose, J. Suarez et al., “Cholesterol: a useful parameter for distinguishing between pleural exudates and transudates,” Chest, vol. 99, no. 5, pp. 1097–1102, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. E. Heffner, S. A. Sahn, and L. K. Brown, “Multilevel likelihood ratios for identifying exudative pleural effusions,” Chest, vol. 121, no. 6, pp. 1916–1920, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. D. K. Spady and J. M. Dietschy, “Sterol synthesis in vivo in 18 tissues of the squirrel monkey, guinea pig, rabbit, hamster, and rat,” Journal of Lipid Research, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 303–315, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. S. Brown and J. L. Goldstein, “Receptor mediated control of cholesterol metabolism,” Science, vol. 63, pp. 695–702, 1976. View at Google Scholar
  7. J. E. Heffner, L. K. Brown, and C. A. Barbieri, “Diagnostic value of tests that discriminate between exudative and transudative pleural effusions,” Chest, vol. 111, no. 4, pp. 970–980, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. F. Wroblewski and J. S. La Due, “Lactate dehydrogenase activity in blood,” Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, vol. 90, pp. 210–213, 1955. View at Google Scholar
  9. R. Deeg and J. Ziegenhorn, “Kinetic enzymic method for automated determination of total cholesterol in serum,” Clinical Chemistry, vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1798–1802, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. P. G. Leers, H. A. Kleinveld, and V. Scharnhorst, “Differentiating transudative from exudative pleural effusion: should we measure effusion cholesterol dehydrogenase?” Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 1332–1338, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T. Quiroga, M. Costa, F. J. Sapunar et al., “Uulidad de la concentration de cholesterol en derrames pleurales para diferenciar entre transudados y exudados,” Enfermedades Respiratorias y Cirugía Torácica, vol. 5, pp. 128–130, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  12. C. K. Liam, L. I. M. Kim-Hatt, and C. M. M. Wong, “Causes of pleural exudates in a region with a high incidence of tuberculosis,” Respirology, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 33–38, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. Martinez- Berganaza Asenio and P. CiaGomez, “Epidemiologia de las enfermedades de la pleura: a proposito de 562 casos,” Medicina Clínica, vol. 90, pp. 311–315, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  14. S. A. Sahn, “The pleura,” American Review of Respiratory Disease, vol. 138, no. 1, pp. 184–234, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B. Chernow and S. A. Sahn, “Carcinomatous involvement of the pleura: an analysis of 96 patients,” American Journal of Medicine, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 695–702, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus