Pulmonary Medicine / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Factors Influencing Early Health Facility Contact and Low Default Rate among New Sputum Smear Positive Tuberculosis Patients, India

Table 1

Demographic profile among TB patients with default and delay treatment, Himachal Pradesh, India, 2008-09.

CharacteristicsDelay (<30 day)Delay (>30 day)Risk estimate Risk estimate
(713)(894)(Unadjusted)(Adjusted)
(%) (%)RR (95% CI)aRR (95% CI)

Age group (years)
 15–24191 (27.2)208 (23.5)1.23 (0.98–1.50)Ref
 25–34156 (22.2)172 (19.4)1.17 (0.92–1.48)1.05 (0.75–1.47)
 35–44111 (15.8) 152 (17.2)0.90 (0.68–1.17)1.39 (0.93–2.07)
 45–5492 (13.1)137 (15.5)0.81 (0.61–1.08)1.46 (0.97–2.21)
 55 and above153 (21.8)217 (24.5)0.85 (0.67–1.07)1.26 (0.87–1.82)
Sex
 Male 501 (70.3)590 (66.0)1.21 (0.98–1.50)1.55 (1.18–2.04)
Status
 Married479 (67.2)622 (69.6)0.89 (0.72–1.10)1.05 (0.78–1.40)
Socioeconomic status
 Upper0 (0.0)07 (00.8)1.80  
 Upper middle167 (23.4)174 (19.5)1.26 (0.60–1.99)0.47 (0.44–1.54)
 Lower middle310 (43.5)402 (45.0)0.91 (0.77–1.14)0.54 (0.16–1.75)
 Upper lower231 (32.4)302 (33.8)0.93 (0.76–1.15)0.55 (0.17–1.76)
 Lower 5 (0.7)009 (01.0)0.69 (0.23–2.08)Ref
Religion
 Hindus686 (96.2)855 (95.6)1.15 (0.70–1.91)1.06 (0.62–1.82)
Family
 Nuclear361 (50.6)399 (44.6)1.27   1.37  
Family size
 <375 (10.5)141 (15.8) 0.62   Ref
 >3333 (46.7)372 (41.6)1.22   0.68  
Place of residence
 Rural 597 (83.8)688 (77.0)1.55   Ref
 Urban 98 (13.8)180 (20.1)0.63   0.69  
Alcohol
 Yes416 (58.3)499 (55.8)1.10 (0.90–1.35)1.21 (0.93–1.59)
Smoking
 Yes72 (10.1)094 (10.5)0.95 (0.69–1.32)0.91 (0.63–1.30)

Statistically significant.

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.