Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Pulmonary Medicine
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 973858, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/973858
Research Article

Accuracy of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale for Identifying Depression in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients

1Division of Pulmonology, University Hospital of Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
2Medical Sciences Department, Uppsala University, 75237 Uppsala, Sweden
3Division of Pulmonology, Cantonal Hospital of Glarus, 8750 Glarus, Switzerland
4Division of Pulmonology, Cantonal Hospital of St. Gallen, 9007 St. Gallen, Switzerland
5Division of Pulmonology, Clinical Barmelweid, 5017 Barmelweid, Switzerland
6Division of Pulmonology, Cantonal Hospital of Aarau, 5000 Aarau, Switzerland
7University Clinic of Internal Medicine, Cantonal Hospital Baselland and University of Basel, 4031 Basel, Switzerland
8Division of Pulmonology, Cantonal Hospital of Münsterlingen, 8596 Münsterlingen, Switzerland

Received 21 June 2014; Revised 12 November 2014; Accepted 20 November 2014; Published 4 December 2014

Academic Editor: Denis Caillaud

Copyright © 2014 Christoph Nowak et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. J. Barnes and B. R. Celli, “Systemic manifestations and comorbidities of COPD,” European Respiratory Journal, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 1165–1185, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. A. Cafarella, T. W. Effing, Z.-A. Usmani, and P. A. Frith, “Treatments for anxiety and depression in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a literature review,” Respirology, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 627–638, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. Maurer, V. Rebbapragada, S. Borson et al., “Anxiety and depression in COPD: current understanding, unanswered questions, and research needs,” Chest, vol. 134, no. 4, pp. 43S–56S, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. S. Zigmond and R. P. Snaith, “The hospital anxiety and depression scale,” Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 361–370, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. P. Snaith and A. S. Zigmond, “The hospital anxiety and depression scale,” British Medical Journal, vol. 292, no. 6516, article 344, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. Herrmann, “International experiences with the hospital anxiety and depression scale—a review of validation data and clinical results,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 17–41, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. I. Bjelland, A. A. Dahl, T. T. Haug, and D. Neckelmann, “The validity of the hospital anxiety and depression scale: an updated literature review,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 69–77, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Haddad, P. Walters, R. Phillips et al., “Detecting depression in patients with coronary heart disease: a diagnostic evaluation of the PHQ-9 and HADS-D in primary care, findings from the UPBEAT-UK study,” PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 10, Article ID e78493, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. Castelli, L. Binaschi, P. Caldera, A. Mussa, and R. Torta, “Fast screening of depression in cancer patients: the effectiveness of the HADS,” European Journal of Cancer Care, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 528–533, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. W. L. Loosman, C. E. H. Siegert, A. Korzec, and A. Honig, “Validity of the hospital anxiety and depression scale and the beck depression inventory for use in end-stage renal disease patients,” British Journal of Clinical Psychology, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 507–516, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. D. Eisner, P. D. Blanc, E. H. Yelin et al., “Influence of anxiety on health outcomes in COPD,” Thorax, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 229–234, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. T. Hajiro, K. Nishimura, M. Tsukino, A. Ikeda, H. Koyama, and T. Izumi, “Comparison of discriminative properties among disease-specific questionnaires for measuring health related quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,” The American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol. 157, no. 3 I, pp. 785–790, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. Ergün, D. Kaymaz, E. Günay et al., “Comprehensive out-patient pulmonary rehabilitation: treatment outcomes in early and late stages of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,” Annals of Thoracic Medicine, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 70–76, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. G. Cheung, C. Patrick, G. Sullivan, M. Cooray, and C. L. Chang, “Sensitivity and specificity of the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale in the detection of anxiety disorders in older people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,” International Psychogeriatrics, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 128–136, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. F. Rabe, S. Hurd, A. Anzueto et al., “Global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: GOLD executive summary,” American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol. 176, no. 6, pp. 532–555, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. World Health Organization, ICD-10. International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2010.
  17. J. Wanger, J. L. Clausen, A. Coates et al., “Standardisation of the measurement of lung volumes,” European Respiratory Journal, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 511–522, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. ATS Committee on Proficiency Standards for Clinical Pulmonary Function Laboratories, “ATS statement: guidelines for the six-minute walk test,” American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol. 166, no. 1, pp. 111–117, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  19. C. M. Fletcher, P. C. Elmes, A. S. Fairbairn, and C. H. Wood, “The significance of respiratory symptoms and the diagnosis of chronic bronchitis in a working population,” British Medical Journal, vol. 2, no. 5147, pp. 257–266, 1959. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. W. Jones, G. Harding, P. Berry, I. Wiklund, W.-H. Chen, and N. K. Leidy, “Development and first validation of the COPD Assessment Test,” European Respiratory Journal, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 648–654, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. B. R. Celli, C. G. Cote, J. M. Marin et al., “The body-mass index, airflow obstruction, dyspnoea, and exercise capacity index in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 350, no. 10, pp. 1005–1012, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. K. H. Zou, A. J. O'Malley, and L. Mauri, “Receiver-operating characteristic analysis for evaluating diagnostic tests and predictive models,” Circulation, vol. 115, no. 5, pp. 654–657, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. K. Hajian-Tilaki, “Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis for medical diagnostic test evaluation,” Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 627–635, 2013. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. E. R. DeLong, D. M. DeLong, and D. L. Clarke-Pearson, “Comparing the areas under two or more correlated receiver operating characteristic curves: a nonparametric approach,” Biometrics, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 837–845, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at Scopus
  25. R. A. Hilgers, “Distribution-free confidence bounds for ROC curves,” Methods of Information in Medicine, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 96–101, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. W. J. Youden, “Index for rating diagnostic tests,” Cancer, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 32–35, 1950. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L. van Ede, C. J. Yzermans, and H. J. Brouwer, “Prevalence of depression in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review,” Thorax, vol. 54, no. 8, pp. 688–692, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. K. Hill, R. Geist, R. S. Goldstein, and Y. Lacasse, “Anxiety and depression in end-stage COPD,” European Respiratory Journal, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 667–677, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. H. Q. Nguyen, V. S. Fan, J. Herting et al., “Patients with COPD with higher levels of anxiety are more physically active,” Chest, vol. 144, no. 1, pp. 145–151, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. J. Mitchell, N. Meader, and P. Symonds, “Diagnostic validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in cancer and palliative settings: a meta-analysis,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 126, no. 3, pp. 335–348, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. T. D. Cosco, F. Doyle, M. Ward, and H. McGee, “Latent structure of the hospital anxiety and depression scale: a 10-year systematic review,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 180–184, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Dunbar, G. Ford, K. Hunt, and G. Der, “A confirmatory factor analysis of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale: comparing empirically and theoretically derived structures,” British Journal of Clinical Psychology, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 79–94, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. Norton, T. Cosco, F. Doyle, J. Done, and A. Sacker, “The hospital anxiety and depression scale: a meta confirmatory factor analysis,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 74–81, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. A. Vodermaier and R. D. Millman, “Accuracy of the hospital anxiety and depression scale as a screening tool in cancer patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” Supportive Care in Cancer, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 1899–1908, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. R. Morse, K. Kendell, and S. Barton, “Screening for depression in people with cancer: the accuracy of the hospital anxiety and depression scale,” Clinical Effectiveness in Nursing, vol. 9, no. 3-4, pp. 188–196, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. G. A. Maters, R. Sanderman, A. Y. Kim, and J. C. Coyne, “Problems in cross-cultural use of the hospital anxiety and depression scale: “no butterflies in the desert”,” PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 8, Article ID e70975, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. J. C. Coyne and E. van Sonderen, “No further research needed: abandoning the Hospital and Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS),” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 173–174, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. S. Norton, A. Sacker, and J. Done, “Further research needed: a comment on Coyne and van Sonderen's call to abandon the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 75–76, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. A. M. Yohannes, T. G. Willgoss, R. C. Baldwin, and M. J. Connolly, “Depression and anxiety in chronic heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: prevalence, relevance, clinical implications and management principles,” International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 1209–1221, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. I. Tarricone, E. Stivanello, F. Poggi et al., “Ethnic variation in the prevalence of depression and anxiety in primary care: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” Psychiatry Research, vol. 195, no. 3, pp. 91–106, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus