Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
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Acceptance rate11%
Submission to final decision132 days
Acceptance to publication32 days
CiteScore3.400
Journal Citation Indicator0.830
Impact Factor2.3

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Perspectives in Psychiatric Care provides advanced practice nurses with current research, clinical applications, and knowledge about psychiatric nursing, prescriptive treatment, and education.

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Research Article

The Anxiety and Depression of International Medical Students during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study

The COVID-19 pandemic has inflicted physical harm and exacerbated a significant mental health crisis, warranting greater attention. This study investigated the prevalence of anxiety and depression among international medical students (IMSs) during the pandemic and explored its correlation with demographic factors. Participants completed a comprehensive questionnaire encompassing demographic details, the Zung self-rating anxiety scale, and the Zung self-rating depression scale. The findings revealed that 23.27% of IMSs reported anxiety, while 48.52% experienced symptoms of depression. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified poor health conditions and limited access to the family as independent risk factors for anxiety. At the same time, depression was associated with both compromised health and notable financial burdens. This study provides crucial insights for policymakers, college administrators, and government authorities, urging proactive measures to support and manage the wellbeing of IMSs during pandemic situations.

Research Article

The Relationship between Perceived Social Support and Bullying Behavior in Nursing Education among Nursing Students: The Mediating Role of Positive Psychological Capital

Purpose. To examine the mediating role of positive psychological capital in the relationship between nursing students’ perceived social support and bullying behavior in nursing education. Design and Methods. In May 2021, a sample of 1196 nursing students majoring in nursing at a medical college was conveniently selected as the study population. A set of questionnaires, including a General Information Questionnaire, Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS), Positive Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PPQ), and Bullying Behaviors in Nursing Education Scale (BBNE), were utilized to examine and analyze the relationships among the variables. Findings. The scores of nursing students’ PSSS, PPQ, and BBNE were 68.19 ± 11.90, 123.97 ± 18.74, and 13.31 ± 9.24, respectively. There was a negative correlation (r = −0.421, ) between perceived social support and bullying behaviors in nursing education among nursing students. Positive psychological capital partially mediated the relationship between perceived social support and bullying behaviors in nursing education, accounting for 19.88% of the total effect. Further analysis revealed that self-efficacy, resilience, optimism, and hope in positive psychological capital each played a partial mediating role in the impact of nursing students’ perceived social support on bullying behaviors in nursing education, with the ratio of indirect effect to total effect being 5.38%, 7.74%, 6.09%, and 5.34%, respectively. Practice Implications. The impact of perceived social support on bullying behaviors in nursing education is substantial among nursing students, and it can indirectly influence bullying behaviors through positive psychological capital. Nursing educators should pay attention to nursing students with lower levels of social support, and they can decrease the occurrence of bullying behaviors by enhancing social support and fostering higher levels of psychological capital.

Research Article

Mental and Physical Symptoms and Perceived Health Risks of Pregnant and Postpartum Women following the Significant Shift in COVID-19 Management in China: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Background. There was a remarkable downgrade in China’s COVID-19 response strategies in January 2023. The COVID-19 infection rate grew rapidly in the early stages following the management policy shift. This study attempted to explore the associations between SARS-CoV-2 infection and mental or physical health status in pregnant and postpartum women and the role of perceived health risks and family members’ SARS-CoV-2 infection status on these associations by capturing the impact of policy shifts in a short period of time. Methods. This cross-sectional study with a random sample from a convenience sample of hospitals was conducted in pregnant and postpartum women in January 2023. Standardized assessment tools were employed to assess anxiety, depressive and physical symptoms, and feelings of hopelessness. Hierarchical multiple logistic regressions were conducted to examine the mechanisms of associations of interests by including a range of sociodemographic factors, self-perceived health, SARS-CoV-2 infection status, and perceived health risks as covariates. Results. Of the 1,013 pregnant and postpartum women aged 32.0 ± 0.3 years, 58.2% (n = 590) were diagnosed with COVID-19, and 49.4% (n = 500) had family members who were infected with SARS-CoV-2. Nearly 98% of the included participants took measures to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection. A COVID-19 diagnosis was positively associated with feelings of hopelessness (OR = 1.68, 95% CI: 1.20–2.35), probable anxiety (OR = 6.42, 95% CI: 2.18–24.61), possible depression (OR = 2.56, 95% CI: 1.07–6.70), and physical symptoms (OR = 6.28, 95% CI: 1.63–42.03) after adjusting for sociodemographic and health characteristics, while the associations presented no statistical significance when family members’ SARS-CoV-2 infection status and perceived health risks were introduced into the models. Conclusions. Our results suggested that pregnant and postpartum women may experience physical and mental health challenges when they or their family members contracted COVID-19 in the context of a considerable shift in COVID-19 management. Early detection of poor health status and its risk factors for vulnerable groups during shifts in health policy and administrative practice is very necessary, and health services, including easy access to psychosocial support and obstetric counselling, should be prioritized.

Research Article

Psychometric Properties of the Subhealth Measurement Scale V1.0 for Assessing Suboptimal Health Status of Midwives: A Multicentre Cross-Sectional Study

Aim. Midwives are prone to suboptimal health status (SHS), while there is a lack of unified measurement standard of SHS for them to early detect and prevent SHS. This study aimed to evaluate validity and reliability of Subhealth Measurement Scale V1.0 (SHMS V1.0) in midwives. Design and Methods. The cross-sectional study had 842 midwives from 46 midwifery institutions in southeastern China completing the SHMS V1.0 with 39 items. Internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and concurrent validity of SHMS V1.0 were assessed. Project analysis and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were performed to assess construct validity. Results. SHMS V1.0 had acceptable reliability with Cronbach’s alpha and a test-retest reliability coefficient of 0.908 and 0.804, respectively. The correlation coefficients between each item and corresponding dimension and those between dimension and corresponding subscale were all greater than 0.4. The CFA supported the structure of SHMS V1.0 with strong factor loadings and excellent fit indexes in the first-order and modified second-order factor model, illustrating that SHMS V1.0 had good construct validity among midwives. The concurrent validity for SHMS V1.0 showed large correlation with FS-14, but the social subscale showed medium correlations with fatigue, inferring that SHMS V1.0 can more comprehensively reflect SHS of midwives than FS-14, especially for social health symptoms. Practice Implications. SHMS V1.0 with excellent psychometric properties can accurately and reliably evaluate the SHS of midwives. These findings of our study provide an important measurement tool and inspiration for midwives to early detect and prevent SHS.

Research Article

The Relationship of Hedonic Hunger and Night-Eating Symptoms with Difficulties in Emotion Regulation in Young Adults

Purpose. This study aimed to examine the association between hedonic hunger and night-eating syndrome (NES) with difficulties in emotion regulation (DER) among young adults. Design and Methods. This cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted on a voluntary basis at a private foundation university, involving a total of 1010 students enrolled in the 2020-2021 academic year. Data were collected through an online application of an information form, which assessed demographic characteristics, the Power of Food Scale (PFS), the Night-Eating Questionnaire (NEQ), and the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale-Short Form (DERS-16). The data were analyzed using IBM SPSS26® software. Findings. Women made up 80.4% of the students in the study. The mean age was 21.58 ± 2.98 years, and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 22.06 ± 3.71 kg/m2. The results indicated that 68.1% of the students reported hedonic hunger and 88.7% had NES. Moreover, DER was found to be more prevalent among women (1). In addition, the DERS-16 score increased by 6.5% () with each increase in age and by 6.8% () with each increase in BMI. Furthermore, the total PFS score increased by 32.5% (), and the total NEQ score increased by 22.4% (), corresponding to an increase in the total DERS-16 score. Practice Implications. These findings suggest that an increase in the difficulties experienced in emotion regulation is associated with higher levels of hedonic hunger and night-eating tendencies among young adults.

Research Article

Importance of Long-Acting Injectable Antipsychotic Preparation, Administration, and Injection Site Tolerability: A Focus on Paliperidone Palmitate Once-Every-6-Months Formulation

Purpose. This post hoc analysis assessed the importance of proper paliperidone palmitate (PP) dose preparation prior to administration and evaluated injection site reactions after dorsogluteal injection of PP once-every-6-months (PP6M) and once-every-3-months (PP3M) formulations from a double-blind (DB) noninferiority study. Design and Methods. Clinically stable patients receiving moderate/high doses of PP once-monthly (PP1M) (156 mg/mL; 234 mg/1.5 mL) or PP3M (546 mg/1.75 mL; 819 mg/2.63 mL) were randomly assigned 2:1 to corresponding dorsogluteal injections of PP6M (1092 mg/3.5 mL; 1560 mg/5 mL) or PP3M (546 mg/1.75 mL; 819 mg/2.63 mL) during a 12-month DB phase. Patients receiving PP6M injections received alternating matching placebo injections every 3 months between active doses to maintain blinding. Prior to administration, each PP formulation was prepared per specific instructions to ensure complete resuspension of the medication. Findings. Of 895 PP6M injections, one of two incomplete injections was possibly related to insufficient shaking before administration; neither resulted in an adverse reaction. After dorsogluteal administration, 59 of 478 patients who received PP6M (12.3%) and 11 of 224 patients who received PP3M (4.9%) reported an injection site–related treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE), with pain being the most commonly reported (7.7% and 4.0%, respectively). Patient-reported pain decreased from baseline to end point in both groups. During the DB phase, injection site-related TEAEs associated with PP6M injections up to 5 mL and PP3M injections up to 2.63 mL were mild to moderate in severity; none were reported as serious, resulted in treatment discontinuation, or required dermatological consultation. Practice Implications. These results inform provider and patient expectations of PP6M administration and reinforce the importance of proper PP dose preparation and administration; future work could assess safety data from real-world clinical practice. This trial is registered with NCT03345342.

Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Publishing Collaboration
More info
Wiley Hindawi logo
 Journal metrics
See full report
Acceptance rate11%
Submission to final decision132 days
Acceptance to publication32 days
CiteScore3.400
Journal Citation Indicator0.830
Impact Factor2.3
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