Pain Research and Management

Pain Research and Management / 2004 / Article

Original Article | Open Access

Volume 9 |Article ID 416016 | https://doi.org/10.1155/2004/416016

Ayla A Kabalak, Oytun O Senel, Nermin Gogus, "The Effects of Transcranial Electrical Stimulation on Opiate-Induced Analgesia in Rats", Pain Research and Management, vol. 9, Article ID 416016, 4 pages, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1155/2004/416016

The Effects of Transcranial Electrical Stimulation on Opiate-Induced Analgesia in Rats

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recent experiments have shown that transcranial electrical stimulation significantly increases the potency and duration of the analgesic effects of opioids in humans and rats. In the present study, the influence of transcranial electrical stimulation (TCES) on the analgesic effect of remifentanil hydrochloride (HCl) in rats was determined.METHODS: Experiments were performed on 80 albino male Wistar rats. Rats were randomly assigned to four groups: remifentanil HCl, remifentanil HCl and TCES, TCES, and control (n=20/group). Remifentanil HCl was injected on the 55th minute. Analgesia was assessed using the wet tail-flick latency test.RESULTS: In the remifentanil HCl group, analgesia (10.85±1.04 s) was reached at the fifth minute, and the analgesia was high for the first 10 min. In the remifentanil HCl and TCES group, the latency time peaked (16.60±1.19 s) at the fifth minute. This peak was 150% higher than that for the remifentanil HCl group, and 251% higher than the control or TCES groups. Analgesia in the remifentanil HCl and TCES group was sustained for 20 min at a statistically higher rate than the other treatment groups (P<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: TCES markedly increased the duration and analgesic potency of remifentanil HCl in rats. This effect appeared to be related to the release of enkephalins from brain structures, thus enhancing opioid analgesia.

Copyright © 2004 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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