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Pain Research and Management
Volume 14, Issue 6, Pages 439-444
Original Article

A Survey of Prelicensure Pain Curricula in Health Science Faculties in Canadian Universities

Judy Watt-Watson,1 M McGillion,1 J Hunter,1 M Choiniere,2 AJ Clark,3 A Dewar,4 C Johnston,5 M Lynch,6 P Morley-Forster,7 D Moulin,7 N Thie,8 CL von Baeyer,9 and K Webber10

1University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
2University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
3University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
4University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
5McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
6Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
7University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
8University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
9University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
10Memorial University, St John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Copyright © 2009 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


OBJECTIVE: The present exploratory, descriptive study aimed to determine the designated time for mandatory pain content in curricula of major Canadian universities for students in health science and veterinary programs before being licensed.

METHOD: Major Canadian university sites (n=10) were chosen where health science faculties included at least medicine (n=10) and nursing (n=10); many also included dentistry (n=8), pharmacy (n=7), physical therapy (n=8) and/or occupational therapy (n=6). These disciplines provide the largest number of students entering the workforce but are not the only ones contributing to the health professional team. Veterinary programs (n=4) were also surveyed as a comparison. The Pain Education Survey, developed from previous research and piloted, was used to determine total mandatory pain hours.

RESULTS: The majority of health science programs (67.5%) were unable to specify designated hours for pain. Only 32.5% respondents could identify specific hours allotted for pain course content and/or additional clinical conferences. The average total time per discipline across all years varied from 13 h to 41 h (range 0 h to 109 h). All veterinary respondents identified mandatory designated pain content time (mean 87 h, range 27 h to 200 h). The proportion allotted to the eight content categories varied, but time was least for pain misbeliefs, assessment and monitoring/follow-up planning.

CONCLUSIONS: Only one-third of the present sample could identify time designated for teaching mandatory pain content. Two-thirds reported ‘integrated’ content that was not quantifiable or able to be determined, which may suggest it is not a priority at that site. Many expressed a need for pain-related curriculum resources.