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Pain Research and Management
Volume 2016, Article ID 4158291, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4158291
Clinical Study

Needle Tip Position and Bevel Direction Have No Effect in the Fluoroscopic Epidural Spreading Pattern in Caudal Epidural Injections: A Randomized Trial

1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Neungdong-ro 120-1, Kwangjin-gu, Seoul 05030, Republic of Korea
2Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Wondang OK Pain Clinic, 783 Hoguk-ro, Deogyang-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 10461, Republic of Korea

Received 8 September 2015; Accepted 26 November 2015

Copyright © 2016 Won Kyoung Kwon et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite this Article

Won Kyoung Kwon, Ah Na Kim, Pil Moo Lee, Cheol Hwan Park, and Jae Hun Kim, “Needle Tip Position and Bevel Direction Have No Effect in the Fluoroscopic Epidural Spreading Pattern in Caudal Epidural Injections: A Randomized Trial,” Pain Research and Management, vol. 2016, Article ID 4158291, 7 pages, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/4158291.