Pain Research and Management / 2016 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

The Implications of Tobacco Smoking on Acute Postoperative Pain: A Prospective Observational Study

Table 3

Surgical duration hour in different surgical areas between three male groups.

NonsmokerSmokersPast-smokers value

Upper abdomen5.1 ± 3.45.8 ± 3.05.8 ± 5.00.8
Lower abdomen4.9 ± 2.15.2 ± 2.55.0 ± 2.10.69
Extremities3.3 ± 1.94.0 ± 3.44.1 ± 3.80.66
Spine 8.3 ± 3.26.7 ± 2.66.6 ± 2.20.23
Others 13.7 ± 1.811.5 ± 3.39.3 ± 4.10.11

Data were presented as mean ± SD or number (%).

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