Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Pain Research and Management
Volume 2018, Article ID 7020751, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7020751
Research Article

Temporomandibular Disorders Related to Stress and HPA-Axis Regulation

1Department of Clinical Dentistry, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
2Oral Health Center of Expertise in Western Norway, Stavanger, Rogaland, Norway
3Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
4Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway

Correspondence should be addressed to Annika Rosén; on.biu@nesor.akinna

Received 30 January 2018; Accepted 15 April 2018; Published 2 May 2018

Academic Editor: Shiau Yuh-Yuan

Copyright © 2018 Kordian Staniszewski et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. J. Scrivani, D. A. Keith, and L. B. Kaban, “Temporomandibular disorders,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 359, no. 25, pp. 2693–2705, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. G. D. Slade, R. Ohrbach, J. D. Greenspan et al., “Painful temporomandibular disorder: decade of discovery from OPPERA studies,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 95, no. 10, pp. 1084–1092, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. G. Hoffmann, J. M. Kotchen, T. A. Kotchen, T. Cowley, M. Dasgupta, and A. W. Cowley, “Temporomandibular disorders and associated clinical comorbidities,” Clinical Journal of Pain, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 268–274, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. Manfredini, E. Winocur, J. Ahlberg, L. Guarda-Nardini, and F. J. Lobbezoo, “Psychosocial impairment in temporomandibular disorders patients. RDC/TMD axis II findings from a multicentre study,” Journal of Dentistry, vol. 38, no. 10, pp. 765–772, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. B. Fillingim, G. D. Slade, L. Diatchenco et al., “Summary of findings from the OPPERA baseline case-control study: implications and future directions,” Journal of Pain, vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 102–107, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. G. E. Miller, E. Chen, and E. S. Zhou, “If it goes up, must it come down? Chronic stress and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis in humans,” Psychological Bulletin, vol. 133, no. 1, pp. 25–45, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C. A. Lambert, A. Sanders, R. S. Wilder et al., “Chronic HPA axis response to stress in temporomandibular disorder,” Journal of Dental Hygiene, vol. 87, no. 1, pp. 73–81, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  8. R. de Leeuw, D. Bertoli, J. E. Schmidt, and C. R. Carlson, “Prevalence of traumatic stressors in patients with temporomandibular disorders,” Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 42–50, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. G. H. Gameiro, A. S. Andrade, D. F. Nouer, and M. C. F. A. Veiga, “How may stressful experiences contribute to the development of temporomandibular disorders,” Clinical Oral Investigations, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 261–268, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. T. Umeda, R. Hiramatsu, T. Iwaoka, T. Shimada, F. Miura, and T. Sato, “Use of saliva for monitoring unbound free cortisol levels in serum,” Clinica Chimica Acta, vol. 110, no. 2-3, pp. 245–253, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. E. Salameh, F. Alshaarani, H. A. Hamed, and J. A. Nassar, “Investigation of the relationship between psychosocial stress and temporomandibular disorder in adults by measuring salivary cortisol concentration: a case-control study,” Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 148–152, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. Da Silva Andrade, G. H. Gamero, L. J. Pereira, I. C. Junqueira Zanin, and M. B. Gavião, “Salivary cortisol levels in young adults with temporomandibular disorders,” Minerva Stomatologica, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 109–116, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  13. A. M. Nilsson and L. Dahlström, “Perceived symptoms of psychological distress and salivary cortisol levels in young women with muscular or disk-related temporomandibular disorders,” Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, vol. 68, no. 5, pp. 284–288, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Korszun, E. A. Young, K. Singer, N. E. Carlson, M. B. Brown, and L. Crofford, “Basal circadian cortisol secretion in women with temporomandibular disorders,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 81, no. 4, pp. 279–283, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. A. Jones, G. B. Rollman, and R. I. Brooke, “The cortisol response to psychological stress in temporomandibular dysfunction,” Pain, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 171–182, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. U. Turpeinen and E. Hämäläinen, “Determination of cortisol in serum, saliva and urine,” Best Practice and Research Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 795–801, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. T. Berge, B. Schjødt, R. F. Bell et al., “Assessment of patients with severe temporomandibular disorder in Norway—a multidisciplinary approach,” Den Norske Tannlegeforeningens Tidene, vol. 126, no. 2, pp. 114–121, 2016. View at Google Scholar
  18. A. S. Zigmond and R. P. Snaith, “The hospital anxiety and depression scale,” Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 361–370, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. P. Jensen, F. J. Keefe, J. C. Lefebvre, J. M. Romano, and J. A. Turner, “One- and two-item measures of pain beliefs and coping strategies,” Pain, vol. 104, no. 3, pp. 453–469, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. G. Antonelli, F. Ceccato, C. Artusi, M. Marinova, and M. Plebani, “Salivary cortisol and cortisone by LC-MS/MS: validation, reference intervals and diagnostic accuracy in Cushing’s syndrome,” Clinica Chimica Acta, vol. 451, pp. 247–251, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. U. Turpeinen, H. Markkanen, T. Sane, and E. Hämäläinen, “Determination of free tetrahydrocortisol and tetrahydrocortisone ratio in urine by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry,” Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 147–160, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. R. Miller, F. Plessow, M. Rauh, M. Gröschl, and C. Kirschbaum, “Comparison of salivary cortisol as measured by different immunoassays and tandem mass spectrometry,” Psychoneuroendocrinology, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 50–57, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. N. Smyth, A. Clow, L. Thorn, F. Hucklebridge, and P. Evans, “Delays of 5-15 min between awakening and the start of saliva sampling matter in assessment of the cortisol awakening response,” Psychoneuroendocrinology, vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 1476–1483, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. I. Wilhelm, J. Born, B. M. Kudielka, W. Schlotz, and S. Wust, “Is the cortisol awakening rise a response to awakening?” Psychoneuroendocrinology, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 358–366, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. P. J. Quartana, L. F. Buenaver, R. R. Edwards, B. Klick, J. A. Haythornthwaite, and M. T. Smith, “Pain catastrophizing and salivary cortisol responses to laboratory pain testing in temporomandibular disorder and healthy participants,” Journal of Pain, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 186–194, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. P. J. Kennedy, J. F. Cryan, E. M. Quigley, T. G. Dinan, and G. Clarke, “A sustained hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis response to acute psychosocial stress in irritable bowel syndrome,” Psychological Medicine, vol. 44, no. 14, pp. 3123–3134, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. Herbert, “Cortisol and depression: three questions for psychiatry,” Psychological Medicine, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 449–469, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T. G. Dinan, E. M. M. Quigley, S. M. M. Ahmed et al., “Hypothalamic-pituitary-gut axis dysregulation in irritable bowel syndrome: plasma cytokines as a potential biomarker?” Gastroenterology, vol. 130, no. 2, pp. 304–311, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. U. Galli, J. Gaab, D. A. Ettlin, F. Ruggia, U. Ehlert, and S. Palla, “Enhanced negative feedback sensitivity of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis in chronic myogenous facial pain,” European Journal of Pain, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 600–605, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. R. Yehuda, S. M. Southwick, J. H. Krystal, D. Bremner, D. S. Charney, and J. W. Mason, “Enhanced suppression of cortisol following dexamethasone administration in posttraumatic stress disorder,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 150, no. 1, pp. 83–86, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. M. Bonifazi, A. L. Suman, C. Cambiaggi et al., “Changes in salivary cortisol and corticosteroid receptor-α mRNA expression following a 3-week multidisciplinary treatment program in patients with fibromyalgia,” Psychoneuroendocrinology, vol. 31, no. 9, pp. 1076–1086, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. S. A. Vreeburg, W. J. G. Hoogendijk, R. H. DeRijk et al., “Salivary cortisol levels and the 2-year course of depressive and anxiety disorders,” Psychoneuroendocrinology, vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 1494–1502, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. Mezzullo, F. Fanelli, A. Fazzini et al., “Validation of an LC-MS/MS salivary assay for glucocorticoid status assessment: evaluation of the diurnal fluctuation of cortisol and cortisone and of their association within and between serum and saliva,” Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, vol. 163, pp. 103–112, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. B. C. McWhinney, S. E. Briscoe, J. P. J. Ungerer, and C. J. Pretorius, “Measurement of cortisol, cortisone, prednisolone, dexamethasone and 11-deoxycortisol with ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry: application for plasma, plasma ultrafiltrate, urine and saliva in a routine laboratory,” Journal of Chromatography B, vol. 878, no. 28, pp. 2863–2869, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. I. Perogamvros, L. J. Owen, J. Newell-Price, D. W. Ray, P. J. Trainer, and B. G. Keevil, “Simultaneous measurement of cortisol and cortisone in human saliva using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry: application in basal and stimulated conditions,” Journal of Chromatography B, vol. 877, no. 29, pp. 3771–3775, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. J. Dötsch, H. G. Dorr, G. K. Stalla, and W. G. Sippel, “Effect of glucocorticoid excess on the cortisol/cortisone ratio,” Steroids, vol. 66, no. 11, pp. 817–820, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. Z. Xuejia, C. Fen, Z. Chaoran, and L. Yongning, “A simple LC-MS/MS method for determination of cortisol, cortisone and tetrahydro-metabolites in human urine: assay development, validation and application in depression patients,” Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, vol. 107, pp. 450–455, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. C. S. Wyrwoll, M. C. Holmes, and J. R. Seckl, “11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases and the brain: from zero to hero, a decade of progress,” Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 265–286, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. J. R. Seckl and B. R. Walker, “Minirewiev: 11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1—a tissue-specific amplifier of glucocorticoid action,” Endocrinology, vol. 142, no. 4, pp. 1371–1376, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  40. A. Woda, P. Picard, and F. Dutheil, “Dysfunctional stress responses in chronic pain,” Psychoneuroendocrinology, vol. 71, pp. 127–135, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus