Table 2: Results from the questionnaires Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Coping Strategies Questionnaire regarding catastrophizing, assessed in the TMD patients and controls. A signed rank test resulted in significant higher score on all parameters in the TMD patient group.

Psychosocial scoresMeanMedianRangeSD value (signed rank)

Catastrophizing (0–12)<0.0001
 TMD7.888.01–122.95
 Control1.390.00–112.64
Anxiety (A) (0–21)0.0002
 TMD7.737.00–205.11
 Control3.352.00–123.22
Depression (D) (0–21)<0.0001
 TMD6.285.00–195.07
 Control1.701.00–92.32
A + D (HADS) (0–42)<0.0001
 TMD14.2513.00–399.76
 Control5.053.50–194.85