Pain Research and Management / 2018 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

A Comparative Study between Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation and Fentanyl to Relieve Shoulder Pain during Laparoscopic Gynecologic Surgery under Spinal Anesthesia: A Randomized Clinical Trail

Table 1

Patients’ characteristics.

TENS (n = 40)Fentanyl (n = 40)

Age, mean (SD) (years)31.35 (4.89)31.15 (6.28)
Body mass index, mean (SD) (kg/m2)26.23 (4.18)26.11 (4.37)
Surgery duration, mean (SD) (minutes)51.62 (11.89)45.82 (19.78)
Type of operation, no. (%)
Ectopic pregnancy21 (52.5)22 (55)
Infertility7 (17.5)10 (25)
Ovarian cysts6 (15)1 (2.5)
Ovarian torsion6 (15)7 (17.5)

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