Pain Research and Management / 2021 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

An Interactive Pain Application (MServ) Improves Postoperative Pain Management

Table 1

Modified analgesic ladder.


Step 1Simple analgesia
Step 2Step 1 + weak opioid
Step 3Step 1 or 2 + strong opioid
Step 4PCA/regional anaesthesia infusion technique

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.