Pain Research and Management / 2021 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

An Interactive Pain Application (MServ) Improves Postoperative Pain Management

Table 1

Modified analgesic ladder.

StepAnalgesia

Step 1Simple analgesia
Step 2Step 1 + weak opioid
Step 3Step 1 or 2 + strong opioid
Step 4PCA/regional anaesthesia infusion technique

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