Pain Research and Management / 2021 / Article / Tab 6

Research Article

An Interactive Pain Application (MServ) Improves Postoperative Pain Management

Table 6

International Pain Outcome Questionnaire (IPOQ).

Patient-reported outcomeScaleSCDeviceDNDNPT value
(n = 90)(n = 108)(n = 52)(n = 56)

Worst pain(0–10)6 [3.25, 8.75]7 [5, 8]7 [5, 8]6.5 [5, 8]0.82
Least pain(0–10)1 [0, 3]2 [1, 3]2 [1, 3]2 [1, 3]0.06
Percent time in severe pain(0–100%)10 [0, 38]0 [0, 10]0 [0, 10]0 [0, 10]<0.001
Interference: in bed(0–10)4 [1.25, 7]5 [3, 7]6 [3, 7]5 [3, 7]0.29
Interference: breathing(0–10)4.5 [1, 8]5 [3, 7]5 [3, 7]5 [4, 7]0.39
Interference: sleeping(0–10)0.5 [0, 6]0 [0, 3]0 [0, 2]1 [0, 4]0.26
Has been out of bed?“Yes”86/90 (96%)6/104 (95%)49/54 (91%)55/56 (98%)0.74
Interference: out of bed activities(0–10)2 [0, 5]1 [0, 3]1 [0, 3]1 [0.5, 3]0.65
Anxiety(0–10)0 [0, 4]0 [0, 0]0 [0, 1]0 [0, 0]<0.001
Helplessness(0–10)0 [0, 5]0 [0, 0]0 [0, 0]0 [0, 0]<0.001
Nausea(0–10)0 [0, 2]0 [0, 4]0 [0, 2]0 [0, 4]0.18
Drowsiness(0–10)0 [0, 4]0 [0, 4]0 [0, 3]0 [0, 5.25]0.83
Itching(0–10)0 [0, 2]0 [0, 0]0 [0, 0]0 [0, 0]0.03
Dizziness(0–10)0 [0, 1]0 [0, 0]0 [0, 0]0 [0, 0]0.47
Pain relief(0–100%)90 [70, 100]90 [80, 90]90 [80, 90]90 [80, 90]0.94
Would like more treatment?“Yes”20/90 (22%)21/110 (19%)10/54 (19%)11/56 (20%)0.72
Would like more information regarding treatment options?“No”65/90 (72%)108/110 (98%)54/54 (100%)54/56 (96%)<0.001
Involvement in decision making(0–10)8 [2, 10]10 [9, 10]10 [8, 10]10 [7.75, 10]<0.001
Satisfaction with treatment(0–10)10 [1, 10]10 [8, 10]10 [1, 10]10 [1, 10]0.31

Measures of pain severity, interference, mood, side effects, and involvement and satisfaction with treatment in the previous 24 hours after 48 hours of trial (exit) in standard care (SC) and device groups (pooled, DN, and DNPT). Data are displayed as number (percentage) or median [interquartile range] as appropriate.

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.