Wing Color of Monarch Butterflies (Danaus plexippus) in Eastern North America across Life Stages: Migrants Are “Redder” than Breeding and Overwintering Stages
Summary of general linear model examining factors influencing wing hue of
monarch butterflies in this study. Groups were “breeding,” “overwintering,”
and “migrating.” Nonsignificant interaction terms (i.e.,
where ) were removed.