Psyche: A Journal of Entomology / 2009 / Article / Fig 3

Research Article

Nesting Behavior of Abispa ephippium (Fabricius) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Eumeninae): Extended Parental Care in an Australian Mason Wasp

Figure 3

Intruder experiments. (a) A freshly killed cuckoo wasp (Chrysis  sp.) and (b) a bombyliid fly (Thraxan  sp.). When presented to a female A. ephippium at different stages in nest construction, both elicited a strong aggressive response.

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