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Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 168478, 10 pages
Review Article

Ecto- and Endoparasitic Fungi on Ants from the Holarctic Region

1Ecology Unit and CREAF, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
2Botany Unit, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain

Received 19 August 2011; Accepted 25 September 2011

Academic Editor: Alain Lenoir

Copyright © 2012 Xavier Espadaler and Sergi Santamaria. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The ant-specific fungi Aegeritella, Laboulbenia, Rickia, Hormiscium, and Myrmicinosporidium in the Holarctic region—nine species—are reviewed. Present knowledge is highly biased geographically, as shows the single record for Holarctic Asia, and this is to solve. The phylogenetic position of Aegeritella, Hormiscium, and Myrmicinosporidium is unknown. Hosts seem to be also skewed phylogenetically although this may be a true pattern.