Effects of Long Distance Transportation on Honey Bee Physiology
and values from analysis of variance (ANOVA) conducted for each trial and each parameter, with “ns” denoting nonsignificant (). JH titers were transformed (log (JH + 1)) before ANOVA. “Colony source” refers to the differences due to genetic background of source colonies, “transportation” refers to the difference between transported and stationary colonies, and interaction refers to the effect of two (genetics X transportation status). Workers in CA were 6-7 days old, in GA were 8 days old, and those in MI were either 7 or 17 days old.