About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 503543, 5 pages
Research Article

Effect of Plant Characteristics and Within-Plant Distribution of Prey on Colonization Efficiency of Cryptolaemus montrouzieri (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Adults

Department of Entomology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA

Received 2 October 2011; Accepted 20 December 2011

Academic Editor: Martin H. Villet

Copyright © 2012 Folukemi Adedipe and Yong-Lak Park. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. L. Flaherty, L. Christiensen, and W. T. Lanini, “Mealybugs,” in Grape Pest Management, D. L. Flaherty, L. P. Christensen, W. T. Lanini, J. J. Marois, P. A. Phillips, and L. T. Wilson, Eds., pp. 159–165, University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources Publication 3343, Calif, USA, 1992. View at Google Scholar
  2. N. Uygun, Integrated Pest Management in Turkish Citrus Orchard, Agricultural Research Project Publications, Adana, Turkey, 2001.
  3. H. Acheche, S. Fattouch, S. M'Hirsi, N. Marzouki, and M. Marrakchi, “Use of optimized PCR methods for the detection of GLRaV3: a closterovirus associated with grapevine leafroll in Tunisian grapevine plants,” Plant Molecular Biology Reporter, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 31–42, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. O. Furness, “Chemical and integrated control of the long-tailed mealybug, Pseudococcus longispinus (Targioni-Tozzetti) (Hemiptera: Coccidae) in the Riverland of South Australia,” Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 28, pp. 319–332, 1977. View at Google Scholar
  5. S. Cooper, “Cryptolaemus montrouzieri: a predator for mealybug,” British Cactus and Succulent Journal, vol. 3, pp. 38–39, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  6. E. Swirski, Y. Izhar, M. Wysoki, E. Gurevitz, and S. Greenberg, “Integrated control of the long-tailed mealybug, Pseudococcus longispinus [Hom.: Pseudococcidae], in avocado plantations in Israel,” Entomophaga, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 415–426, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. B. R. Bartlett, “Introduction into California of cold-tolerant biotypes of the mealybug predator, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, and laboratory procedures for testing natural enemies for cold-hardness,” Environmental Entomology, vol. 3, pp. 553–556, 1974. View at Google Scholar
  8. B. R. Bartlett, “Diaspididae, eriococcidae, margarodidae, ortheziidae, pseudococcidae,” in Introduced Parasite and Predators of Arthropod Pests and Weeds: a World Review, P. Clausen C., Ed., U.S.D.A. Agriculture Handbook no. 480, pp. 57–170, Washington, DC, USA, 1978. View at Google Scholar
  9. C. Sadof, “Know your friends: mealybug destroyer,” 1995, http://www.oisat.org/control_methods/natural_enemies/predators/mealybug_destroyer.html.
  10. J. C. van Lenteren, Quality Control and Production of Biological Control Agents: Theory and Testing Procedures, CABI Publishing, London, UK, 2003.
  11. M. M. Kinawy, H. M. Al-Waili, and A. M. Almandhari, “Review of the successful classical biological control programs in Sultanate of Oman,” Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. F. Smith and V. A. Krischik, “Effects of biorational pesticides on four coccinellid species (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) having potential as biological control agents in interiorscapes,” Journal of Economic Entomology, vol. 93, no. 3, pp. 732–736, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. N. Al-Khateeb and L. Asslan, “Preliminary data on settlement and adaptation of the predator, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri mulsant (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in colonies of Mealy Bugs on citrus trees in the Syrian Coast,” Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 191–192, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. Persad and A. Khan, “Comparison of life table parameters for Maconellicoccus hirsutus, Anagyrus kamali, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri and Scymnus coccivora,” BioControl, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 137–149, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. F. Garcia and R. J. O'Neil, “Effect of Coleus size and variegation on attack rates, searching strategy, and selected life history characteristics of Cryptolaemus montrouzieri (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae),” Biological Control, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 225–234, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. P. W. Price, C. E. Bouton, P. Gross, B. A. McPheron, J. N. Thompson, and A. E. Weis, “Interactions among three trophic levels: Influence of plants on interactions between insect herbivores and natural enemies,” Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, vol. 11, pp. 41–65, 1980. View at Google Scholar
  17. J. H. Lawton, “Plant architecture and the diversity of phytophagous insects,” Annual review of entomology, vol. 28, pp. 23–39, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. D. A. Andow and D. R. Prokrym, “Plant structural complexity and host-finding by a parasitoid,” Oecologia, vol. 82, no. 2, pp. 162–165, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. Kareiva and R. Sahakian, “Tritrophic effects of a simple architectural mutation in pea plants,” Nature, vol. 345, no. 6274, pp. 433–434, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. F. S. Grevstad and B. W. Klepetka, “The influence of plant architecture on the foraging efficiencies of a suite of ladybird beetles feeding on aphids,” Oecologia, vol. 92, no. 3, pp. 399–404, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. Merlin, O. Lemaitre, and J. C. Grégoire, “Oviposition in Cryptolaemus montrouzieri stimulated by wax filaments of its prey,” Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, vol. 79, no. 2, pp. 141–146, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. G. Ernsting and D. C. Van Der Werf, “Hunger, partial consumption of prey and prey size preference in a carabid beetle,” Ecological Entomology, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 155–164, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. SAS Institute, SAS OnlineDoc Version 9.1.3, SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA, 2008.
  24. R. R. Sokal and F. J. Rohlf, Biometry, W. H. Freeman and Company, New York, NY, USA, 1998.
  25. Y. Jinsong and C. S. Sadof, “Variegation in Coleus blumei and the life history of citrus mealybug (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae),” Environmental Entomology, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 1650–1655, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. D. Moore, “Agents used for biological control of mealybugs (Pseudococcidae),” Biocontrol News and Information, vol. 9, pp. 209–225, 1988. View at Google Scholar