Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Psyche
Volume 2013, Article ID 162964, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/162964
Research Article

Carcass Fungistasis of the Burying Beetle Nicrophorus nepalensis Hope (Coleoptera: Silphidae)

Department of Ecoscience and Ecotechnology, National University of Tainan, 33, Section 2, Shu-Lin Street, Tainan 70005, Taiwan

Received 14 January 2013; Accepted 8 April 2013

Academic Editor: Vladimir Kostal

Copyright © 2013 Wenbe Hwang and Hsiu-Mei Lin. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. E. Pukowski, “Ökologische untersuchungen an Necrophorus F,” Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 518–586, 1933. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. B. Peck, “Nicrophorus (Silphidae) can use large carcasses for reproduction (Coleoptera),” The Coleopterists Bulletin, pp. 40–44, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  3. E. O. Wilson, The Insect Societies, Belknap Press, Cambridge, UK, 1971.
  4. I. Hanski and Y. Cambefort, Dung Beetle Ecology, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA, 1991.
  5. M. P. Scott and D. S. Gladstein, “Calculating males? An empirical and theoretical examination of the duration of paternal care in burying beetles,” Evolutionary Ecology, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 362–378, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. S. Wilson and J. Fudge, “Burying beetles: intraspecific interactions and reproductive success in the field,” Ecological Entomology, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 195–203, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. S. Wilson, W. G. Knollenberg, and J. Fudge, “Species packing and temperature dependent competition among burying beetles (Silphidae, Nicrophorus),” Ecological Entomology, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 205–216, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. T. Trumbo, “Interference competition among burying beetles (Silphidae, Nicrophorus),” Ecological Entomology, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 347–355, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Bartlett and C. M. Ashworth, “Brood size and fitness in Nicrophorus vespilloides (Coleoptera: Silphidae),” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 429–434, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Otronen, “The effect of body size on the outcome of fights in burying beetles (Nicrophorus),” Annales Zoologici Fennici, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 191–201, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. K. Müller, A. K. Eggert, and E. Furlkröger, “Clutch size regulation in the burying beetle Necrophorus vespilloides Herbst (Coleoptera: Silphidae),” Journal of Insect Behavior, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 265–270, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. D. H. Janzen, “Why fruits rot, seeds mold, and meat spoils,” The American Naturalist, vol. 111, no. 980, pp. 691–713, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. J. K. Müller, A. K. Eggert, and J. Dressel, “Intraspecific brood parasitism in the burying beetle, Necrophorus vespilloides (Coleoptera: Silphidae),” Animal Behaviour, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 491–499, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. K. Müller, “Replacement of a lost clutch: a strategy for optimal resource utilization in Necrophorus vespilloides (Coleoptera: Silphidae),” Ethology, vol. 76, pp. 74–80, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  15. J. Bartlett, “Filial cannibalism in burying beetles,” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 179–183, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. K. Müller and A. K. Eggert, “Time-dependent shifts between infanticidal and parental behavior in female burying beetles a mechanism of indirect mother-offspring recognition,” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 11–16, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. W. Beninger and S. B. Peck, “Temporal and spatial patterns of resource use among Nicrophorus carrion beetles (Coleoptera: Silphidae) in a Sphagnum bog and adjacent forest near Ottawa, Canada,” Canadian Entomologist, vol. 124, no. 1, pp. 79–86, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. N. Sherratt, D. M. Wilkinson, and R. S. Bain, “Why fruits rot, seeds mold and meat spoils: a reappraisal,” Ecological Modelling, vol. 192, no. 3-4, pp. 618–626, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. D. E. Rozen, D. J. P. Engelmoer, and P. T. Smiseth, “Antimicrobial strategies in burying beetles breeding on carrion,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 105, no. 46, pp. 17890–17895, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. L. Hall, N. K. Wadsworth, D. R. Howard et al., “Inhibition of microorganisms on a carrion breeding resource: the antimicrobial peptide activity of burying beetle (Coleoptera: Silphidae) oral and anal secretions,” Environmental Entomology, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 669–678, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. W. W. Hoback, A. A. Bishop, J. Kroemer, J. Scalzitti, and J. J. Shaffer, “Differences among antimicrobial properties of carrion beetle secretions reflect phylogeny and ecology,” Journal of Chemical Ecology, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 719–729, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. R. L. Rana, W. Wyatt Hoback, N. A. A. Rahim, J. Bedick, and D. W. Stanley, “Pre-oral digestion: a phospholipase A2 associated with oral secretions in adult burying beetles, Nicrophorus marginatus,” Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B, vol. 118, no. 2, pp. 375–380, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. Suzuki, “Suppression of fungal development on carcasses by the burying beetle Nicrophorus quadripunctatus (Coleoptera: Silphidae),” Entomological Science, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 403–405, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  24. B. J. Jacques, S. Akahane, M. Abe, W. Middleton, W. W. Hoback, and J. J. Shaffer, “Temperature and food availability differentially affect the production of antimicrobial compounds in oral secretions produced by two species of burying beetle,” Journal of chemical ecology, vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 871–877, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. C. Cotter and R. M. Kilner, “Sexual division of antibacterial resource defence in breeding burying beetles, Nicrophorus vespilloides,” Journal of Animal Ecology, vol. 79, no. 1, pp. 35–43, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. W. Hwang and S. F. Shiao, “Use of carcass by burying beetles Nicrophorus nepalensis Hope (Coleoptera: Silphidae),” Formosan Entomologist, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 87–100, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  27. M. P. Scott, “The ecology and behavior of burying beetles,” Annual Review of Entomology, vol. 43, pp. 595–618, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A.-K. Eggert and J. K. Müller, “Joint breeding in female burying beetles,” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 237–242, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. T. Trumbo, “Monogamy to communal breeding: exploitation of a broad resource base by burying beetles (Nicrophorus),” Ecological Entomology, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 289–298, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. P. Scott, “Competition with flies promotes communal breeding in the burying beetle, Nicrophorus tomentosus,” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 367–373, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. P. Scott, W. J. Lee, and E. D. Van Der Reijden, “The frequency and fitness consequences of communal breeding in a natural population of burying beetles: a test of reproductive skew,” Ecological Entomology, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 651–661, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. P. Scott, “The benefit of paternal assistance in intra- and interspecific competition for the burying beetle, Nicrophorus defodiens,” Ethology Ecology and Evolution, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 537–543, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. K. Müller, A. K. Eggert, and S. K. Sakaluk, “Carcass maintenance and biparental brood care in burying beetles: are males redundant?” Ecological Entomology, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 195–200, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. G. S. Halffter, C. Huerta, and A. Huerta, “Nidification des Nicrophorus (Col. Silphidae),” Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France, vol. 88, pp. 648–666, 1983. View at Google Scholar
  35. J. Bartlett, “Male mating success and paternal care in Nicrophorus vespilloides (Coleoptera: Silphidae),” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 297–303, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. S. T. Trumbo, “Reproductive benefits and the duration of paternal care in a biparental burying beetle, Necrophorus orbicollis,” Behaviour, vol. 117, no. 1-2, pp. 82–105, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. I. C. Robertson, “Nest intrusions, infanticide, and parental care in the burying beetle, Nicrophorus orbicollis (Coleoptera: Silphidae),” Journal of Zoology, vol. 231, no. 4, pp. 583–593, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. S. T. Trumbo, “Interspecific competition, brood parasitism, and the evolution of biparental cooperation in burying beetles,” Oikos, vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 241–249, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. I. A. Fetherston, M. P. Scott, and J. F. A. Traniello, “Behavioural compensation for mate loss in the burying beetle Nicrophorus orbicollis,” Animal Behaviour, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 777–785, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. D. O. Carter, D. Yellowlees, and M. Tibbett, “Cadaver decomposition in terrestrial ecosystems,” Naturwissenschaften, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 12–24, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. L. J. Milne and M. J. Milne, “The social behavior of the burying beetles,” Scientific American, vol. 235, pp. 84–89, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  42. D. H. Larone, Medically Important Fungi: A Guide to Identification, ASM Press, Washington, DC, USA, 4th edition, 2002.
  43. C. M. S. Kumar, K. Jeyaram, and H. B. Singh, “First record of the entomopathogenic fungus Entomophaga aulicae on the Bihar hairy caterpillar Spilarctia obliqua in Manipur, India,” Phytoparasitica, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 67–71, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. C. Nielsen and A. E. Hajek, “Diurnal pattern of death and sporulation in Entomophaga maimaiga-infected Lymantria dispar,” Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, vol. 118, no. 3, pp. 237–243, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. X. L. Wang and Y. J. Yao, “Host insect species of ophiocordyceps sinensis: a review,” ZooKeys, vol. 127, pp. 43–59, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  46. A. Hagn, K. Pritsch, M. Schloter, and J. C. Munch, “Fungal diversity in agricultural soil under different farming management systems, with special reference to biocontrol strains of Trichoderma spp.,” Biology and Fertility of Soils, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 236–244, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. D. J. Roiger, S. N. Jeffers, and R. W. Caldwell, “Occurrence of Trichoderma species in apple orchard and woodland soils,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 353–359, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. T. Degenkolb, R. A. Düring, and A. Vilcinskas, “Secondary metabolites released by the burying beetle Nicrophorus vespilloides: chemical analyses and possible ecological functions,” Journal of Chemical Ecology, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 724–735, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. S. T. Trumbo, “Defending young biparentally: female risk-taking with and without a male in the burying beetle, Nicrophorus pustulatus,” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, vol. 61, no. 11, pp. 1717–1723, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. I. A. Fetherston, M. P. Scott, and J. F. A. Traniello, “Parental care in burying beetles: the organization of male and female brood-care behavior,” Ethology, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 179–190, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  51. E. V. Jenkins, C. Morris, and S. Blackman, “Delayed benefits of paternal care in the burying beetle Nicrophorus vespilloides,” Animal Behaviour, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 443–451, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. P. T. Smiseth and A. J. Moore, “Behavioral dynamics between caring males and females in a beetle with facultative biparental care,” Behavioral Ecology, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 621–628, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. P. T. Smiseth, C. Dawson, E. Varley, and A. J. Moore, “How do caring parents respond to mate loss? Differential response by males and females,” Animal Behaviour, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 551–559, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus