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Psyche
Volume 2015, Article ID 898063, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/898063
Research Article

Observations on the Biology and Anatomy of Myerslopiidae (Hemiptera, Membracoidea)

Paleontological Institute, Profsoyuznaya Street 123, Moscow 117647, Russia

Received 29 September 2015; Revised 29 October 2015; Accepted 1 November 2015

Academic Editor: Ai-Ping Liang

Copyright © 2015 Roman Rakitov. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Adults and nymphs of Mapuchea chilensis (Nielson), from the poorly known family Myerslopiidae, were collected from the litter horizon of temperate forests and shrub bogs in southern Chile. The species apparently feeds on roots and creeping stems of angiosperms. Salivary sheaths of captive specimens terminated in vascular bundles. Indirect evidence suggests feeding on phloem sap. Both nymphs and adults are strong jumpers and both actively disperse, as evidenced by their capture in pan traps. The Malpighian tubules of this species produce no brochosomes and, unlike in most previously studied Membracoidea, comprise no specialized secretory segment. Each tubule comprises secretory cells scattered among excretory ones, a condition not previously known among Hemiptera.