Figure 3: The ratios of a dwarf’s trait length to her mother queen’s length of the same trait. (a) The ratio of dwarf to queen traits. The different letters on the whiskers indicate statistically significant differences after Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons. (b) The ratio of the smallest workers to the largest ones in the mature colony. AS and AF show the first and second smallest differences in these lengths. The black horizontal bar in (b) shows the value of the trait that shows the third smallest difference (FF).