Psychiatry Journal / 2013 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for the DSM-5 of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury in Female Adolescents: Diagnostic and Clinical Correlates

Table 4

Means, standard deviations (SDs), and effect sizes (Cohen’s ) of the FASM, in adolescents with NSSI (NSSI disorder) and adolescents with NSSI without impairment/distress (NSSI-C).

FASM itemNSSI disorder
( )
M (SD)
( )
M (SD)

No. of methods used5.42 (2.18)4.12 (2.00)3.030.62
Paina3.18 (0.98)2.91 (0.70)0.720.32
Medical treatment by medical staffNo. 4 (12.1%)No. 1 (8.3%)
Age of onset (years)13.05 (1.73)13.00 (2.41)0.010.02
 Automatic negative reinforcement2.43 (0.84)1.54 (0.81)4.73*1.08
 Automatic positive reinforcement2.08 (0.71)1.33 (0.51)6.41*1.21
 Social negative reinforcement0.42 (0.48)0.27 (0.34)0.950.36
 Social positive reinforcement0.58 (0.37)0.64 (0.58)0.200.06

Note. aOn a scale from 4 (no pain) to 1 (severe pain); * .

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.