Psychiatry Journal / 2013 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for the DSM-5 of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury in Female Adolescents: Diagnostic and Clinical Correlates

Table 5

Diagnostic correlates of adolescents with clinical diagnoses without NSSI (CCA), adolescents with NSSI without impairment/distress (NSSI-C), and adolescents with NSSI (NSSI), as well as logistic regressions and orthogonal comparisons between clinical controls and NSSI (CCA versus NSSI) and between NSSI disorder and NSSI-C (NSSI versus NSSI-C).

CCA ( )
(%)
NSSI-C ( )
(%)
NSSI ( )
(%)
CCA versus NSSI
= OR [95% CI]
NSSI versus NSSI-C
= OR [95% CI]

Major depression6 (30)8 (72.7)31 (79.5)5.78 [1.12–29.85]*1.36 [0.29–6.34]
Social phobia5 (25)3 (27.3)15 (38.5)1.05 [0.20–5.60]1.82 [0.41–8.00]
PTSD1 (5)2 (18.2)11 (28.2)4.00 [0.32–50.23]1.90 [0.35–10.28]
BPD008 (20.5)NANA
Specific phobia4 (20)1 (9.1)7 (17.9)0.53 [0.05–5.86]2.33 [0.26–21.36]
ODD2 (10)1 (9.1)5 (12.8)0.85 [0.07–10.61]1.56 [0.16–15.00]
Bulimia Nervosa005 (12.8)NANA
Dysthymia2 (10)2 (18.2)4 (10.3)1.89 [0.23–15.74]0.55 [0.09–3.47]
Conduct disorder004 (10.3)NANA
OCD4 (20)02 (5.1)NANA
Agoraphobia2 (10)1 (9.1)2 (5.1)1.80 [0.10–31.99]0.57 [0.05–6.97]
ADHD002 (5.1)NANA
Anorexia nervosa3 (15)2 (18.2)1 (2.6)1.19 [0.17–8.47]0.13 [0.01–1.54]
Panic disorder1 (5)01 (2.6)NANA
GAD2 (10)01 (2.6)NANA
Suicide attempts4 (20)6 (54.4)27 (69.2)4.50 [0.89–22.74]1.88 [0.48–7.36]
Smoking2 (10)3 (27.3)21 (53.8)3.38 [0.47–24.29]3.11 [0.72–13.51]

M (SD)M (SD)M (SD)

No. of diagnoses1.70 (1.22)2.09 (0.70)3.46 (1.80)2.50**2.62,   

Note. * ,  ** . ADHD: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, ODD: Oppositional Deviant Disorder, GAD: Generalized Anxiety Disorder, BPD: Borderline Personality Disorder, OCD: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, PTSD: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, NA: not applicable.

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