Psychiatry Journal / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Effect of Family Factors on Intense Alcohol Use among European Adolescents: A Multilevel Analysis

Table 1

Mean ages of onset of using alcohol and proportion of intense alcohol users and family factors in different countries (%).

CountryAge of onset of beer/wineAge of onset of strong alcoholIntense
alcohol use
StructureBondingParental supervisionAffluenceNegative life events
(SD) (SD)%%%%%%

Armenia11.16 (2.53)11.85 (2.47)989.830.574.72093.5
Austria11.92 (2.15)13.09 (1.55)20.371.615.157.972.367.6
Belgium11.70 (2.06)12.79 (1.81)18.668.316.759.65263.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina11.39 (2.42)11.91 (2.26)5.483.125.274.238.890
Cyprus10.91 (2.25)11.78 (2.06)1489.636.372.962.880.9
Czech Republic10.44 (2.55)11.99 (1.97)23.670.36.243.954.867.5
Denmark12.12 (1.90)12.46 (1.89)25.565.514.356.477.354.1
Estonia11.01 (2.58)12.37 (2.07)20.6624.734.457.561.8
Finland12.22 (2.18)13.40 (1.48)18.962.26.650.473.260.3
France11.35 (2.21)12.53 (1.79)7.667.618.357.445.266.8
Germany12.08 (1.98)13.18 (1.46)23.571.412.456.475.666.3
Hungary11.73 (2.29)12.93 (1.70)15751252.658.266.8
Iceland11.19 (2.28)12.11 (.91)7.570.621.344.588.873.6
Ireland12.14 (1.98)12.85 (1.61)2280.812.24965.279.3
Italy11.52 (2.29)13.19 (1.65)15.683.919.971.353.880.3
Lithuania10.98 (2.50)12.24 (2.21)18.774.912.749.553.267.8
Netherlands11.60 (1.93)12.90 (1.73)23.675.116.763.377.972.7
Norway12.55 (2.13)13.45 (1.65)10.866.414.656.182.867.2
Poland12.28 (2.26)13.16 (1.87)12.982.112.954.954.775.1
Portugal11.68 (2.16)12.55 (1.65)7.979.76.57359.480.9
Russia11.71 (2.26)12.68 (1.96)8.870.612.552.829.768.7
Slovenia10.63 (2.58)12.07 (2.01)1879.716.358.473.476.5
Spain12.97 (1.67)13.56 (1.42)1081.815.278.158.382.5
Sweden11.94 (2.39)12.83 (1.91)10.562.111.457.377.659.3
Switzerland12.27 (2.11)13.38 (1.58)17.876.213.662.375.268.3