Psychiatry Journal / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

The Effect of Family Factors on Intense Alcohol Use among European Adolescents: A Multilevel Analysis

Table 2

The results of multilevel analysis concerning family structure ( individuals: 53053; schools: 1344; countries: 25).

Model 0: empty modelModel 1: control variablesModel 2: family structureModel 3: family structure
random slope
Model 4: country
cluster
Model 5: family structure × country cluster

Fixedexp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)
 Intercept.16 (.02)***.10 (.01)***.13 (.01)***.13 (.01)***.10 (.02)***.14 (.02)***
 Grade 8 (ref. grade 7).91 (.03)***.91 (.03)***.91 (.03)***.91 (.03)**.91 (.07)**
 Grade 9 (ref. grade 7)1.09 (.04)*1.09 (.04)*1.09 (.04)*1.09 (.04)*1.09 (.03)*
 Male (ref. female)1.43 (.04)***1.45 (.04)***1.45 (.04)***1.45 (.04)***1.45 (.03)***
 Native (ref. migrant)1.37 (.05)***1.37 (.05)***1.37 (.05)***1.37 (.05)***1.37 (.03)***
 Family structure (ref. incomplete
 family)
.72 (.02)***.73 (.03)***.73 (.03)***.55 (.11)***
 Western Europe (ref.
 Northern Europe, NE)
1.68 (.44)*1.34 (.29)
 Mediterranean countries (ref. NE)1.10 (.33).63 (.36)
 Postsocialist countries (ref. NE)1.36 (.34).75 (.27)
 Family structure ×
 Western Europe (ref. NE)
1.22 (.03)*
 Family structure × Mediterranean
 countries (ref. NE)
1.52 (.01)***
 Family structure × Postsocialist
 countries (ref. NE)
1.56 (.01)***
Random
 Var. school.273.254.253.254.254.255
 Var. country.246.240.234.293.273.205
 Var. family structure.024.026.001
 Cor. family structure, intercept −1.000
LR test (2) = 1850*** (4) = 317*** (1) = 136*** (2) = 9** (3)= 4.3 ns (6) = 27.8***

*** ; ** ; * . Models 4 and 5 are compared to Model 3.