Psychiatry Journal / 2013 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

The Effect of Family Factors on Intense Alcohol Use among European Adolescents: A Multilevel Analysis

Table 5

The results of multilevel analysis concerning parental supervision ( individuals: 52564; schools: 1344; countries: 25).

Model 0: empty modelModel 1: control variablesModel 2:
parental
supervision
Model 3: parental supervision
random slope
Model 4: country clusterModel 5: parental supervision × country cluster

Fixedexp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)exp( ) (S.E.)
 Intercept.16 (.02)***.10 (.01)***.10 (.01)***.10 (.01)***.09 (.02)***.09 (.02)***
 Grade 8 (ref. grade 7).90 (.03)***.85 (.03)***.86 (.03)***.86 (.03)***.86 (.07)***
 Grade 9 (ref. grade 7)1.09 (.04)**1.02 (.03) ns1.01 (.03) ns1.01 (.04) ns1.01 (.03) ns
 Male (ref. female)1.43 (.04)***1.29 (.03)***1.29 (.03)***1.29 (.03)***1.29 (.03)***
 Native (ref. migrant)1.35 (.05)***1.46 (.05)***1.46 (.05)***1.46 (.05)***1.46 (.04)***
 Parental supervision.62 (.01)***.61 (.01)***.61 (.01)***.53 (.07)***
 Western Europe (ref.
 Northern Europe, NE)
1.52 (.39)1.59 (.27)
 Mediterranean countries (ref.
 NE)
.93 (.27).97 (.33)
 Postsocialist countries (ref. NE).95 (.23).99 (.25)
 Parental supervision ×
 Western Europe (ref. NE)
1.20 (.02)**
 Parental supervision ×
 Mediterranean countries (ref.
 NE)
1.17 (.01)*
 Parental supervision ×
 Postsocialist countries (ref. NE)
1.14 (.01)*
Random
 Var. school.277.258.258.257.257.257
 Var. country.248.242.220.225.178.181
 Var parental supervision.007.007.004
 Cor parental supervision,
 intercept
.204.019.083
LR test (2) = 1868*** (4) = 313*** (1) = 1592*** (2) = 20*** (3) = 4.6 ns (6) = 13.5*

*** ; ** ; * . Models 4 and 5 are compared to Model 3.